Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

SOLAR-WIND ION DRIVEN X-RAY EMISSION FROM COMETARY AND PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES: MEASUREMENTS AND THEORETICAL PREDICTIONS OF CHARGE- EXCHANGE CROSS SECTIONS AND EMISSION SPECTRA FOR O6+ + H2O, CO, CO2, CH4, N2, NO, N2O, AND Ar

Published

Author(s)

J. R. Machacek, D. P. Mahapatra, David R. Schultz, Yuri Ralchenko, A. Moradmand, O. E. Ghazaly, A. Chutjian

Abstract

Relevant to modeling and understanding X-ray emission from cometary and planetary atmospheres, total cross sections for 1.17 and 2.33 keV/u O6+ colliding with H2O, CO, CO2, CH4, N2, NO, N2O, and Ar have been measured for the processes of single, double, and triple charge exchanges. Using these measurements as benchmarks, synthetic emission spectra spanning the X-ray, UV, and visible range have been calculated based on theoretical treatment of the transfer of between one and six electrons from the target neutrals to the projectile ion, followed by radiative and non-radiative decay of the highly- excited states produced in these collisions. The results help add to the base of knowledge required to simulate ion-neutral processes in astrophysical environments; refine the present understanding of these fundamental atomic processes; and guide future observations, laboratory measurements, and theoretical predictions.
Citation
Astrophysical Journal

Keywords

comet, general, molecular processes, plasma, solar wind

Citation

Machacek, J. , Mahapatra, D. , Schultz, D. , Ralchenko, Y. , Moradmand, A. , Ghazaly, O. and Chutjian, A. (2015), SOLAR-WIND ION DRIVEN X-RAY EMISSION FROM COMETARY AND PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES: MEASUREMENTS AND THEORETICAL PREDICTIONS OF CHARGE- EXCHANGE CROSS SECTIONS AND EMISSION SPECTRA FOR O6+ + H2O, CO, CO2, CH4, N2, NO, N2O, AND Ar, Astrophysical Journal (Accessed April 21, 2024)
Created August 14, 2015, Updated October 12, 2021