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Small-Angle X-ray Scattering of Ionic Liquids



Fan Zhang, Joshua A. Hammons, Jan Ilavsky


Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is a powerful technique that is used to resolve the size and structure of phases on the nanometer scale, within a sample. While these features may also be observed with other techniques, such as: electron microscopy or atomic force microscopy, SAXS provides a means to resolve statistically significant nanometer features in-situ, because of its ability to probe over a relatively large sample volume (~ 1mm x 1mm x 1 mm). This makes SAXS well suited to study the structures of ionic liquids (IL). However, a typical SAXS experiment and subsequent analysis require careful considerations of the sample and limits of the analytical approach used. In this chapter, we will present a brief introduction to SAXS with special emphasis on the experimental setup and analysis. At the end of this chapter, X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy will be presented as a potentially powerful technique to resolve the dynamics of scattering phases in IL solutions.
Ionic liquids: Electrochemical Fundamentals and Applications
Publisher Info
Springer , New York, NY


ionic liquids, structure determination, small angle scattering, small angle X-ray scattering, material characterization


Zhang, F. , Hammons, J. and Ilavsky, J. (2015), Small-Angle X-ray Scattering of Ionic Liquids, Ionic liquids: Electrochemical Fundamentals and Applications, Springer , New York, NY (Accessed April 15, 2024)
Created June 1, 2015, Updated February 19, 2017