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In Situ Raman Spectroscopic Investigation of Aqueous Iron Corrosion at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures



James E. Maslar, Wilbur S. Hurst, Walter J. Bowers Jr., Jay H. Hendricks, M I. Aquino-Class


In situ Raman spectroscopy was employed to investigate iron corrosion in air-saturated water at a pressure of 25.1 MPa and temperatures from 21 to 537 C. Upon heating, various combinations of Fe3O4, α-Fe2O3, γ-FeOOH, and γ-Fe2O3 were observed depending on the location on or temperature of the iron coupon. In some cases, different species were observed at the same temperature at different locations on the surface. This was attributed to oxygen concentration gradients in the solution caused by recirculation zones in the cell. The surface of the corrosion coupon changed little after it was heated to 537 C. This was attributed to the formation of a relatively thick, protective oxide scale after exposure to supercritical water. The ex situ Raman spectra were very similar to the in situ spectra obtained during cooling but different from those obtained during heating. This indicates that the corrosion layer present during cooling is similar to that observed ex situ but different from that observed during heating. ex situ characterization of the coupon identified a two layered structure: an inner corrosion layer consisting of Fe3O4 and α-Fe2O3 and an outer layer consisting of γ-Fe2O3 and α-Fe2O3.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
No. 7


aqueous corrosion, in situ optical spectroscopy, iron, iron oxides, Raman spectroscopy, supercritical water


Maslar, J. , Hurst, W. , Bowers, W. , Hendricks, J. and Aquino-Class, M. (2000), In Situ Raman Spectroscopic Investigation of Aqueous Iron Corrosion at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Accessed May 29, 2024)


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Created July 1, 2000, Updated February 17, 2017