Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Sequence-based U.S. population data for 27 autosomal STR loci

Published

Author(s)

Katherine B. Gettings, Lisa A. Borsuk, Carolyn R. Steffen, Kevin M. Kiesler, Peter M. Vallone

Abstract

This manuscript reports STR sequence-based allele frequencies for the "NIST 1036" sample set across 27 autosomal STR loci: D1S1656, TPOX, D2S441, D2S1338, D3S1358, D4S2408, FGA, D5S818, CSF1PO, D6S1043, D7S820, D8S1179, D9S1122, D10S1248, TH01, vWA, D12S391, D13S317, Penta E, D16S539, D17S1301, D18S51, D19S433, D20S482, D21S11, Penta D, and D22S1045. Sequence data was analyzed by two bioinformatic pipelines and all samples have been evaluated for concordance with alleles derived from CE-based analysis at all loci. Each reported sequence includes high- quality flanking sequence and is properly formatted according to the most recent guidance of the International Society for Forensic Genetics. In addition, GenBank accession numbers are reported for each sequence, and associated records are available in the STRSeq BioProject (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/380127). The D3S1358 locus demonstrates the greatest average increase in heterozygosity across populations (approximately 10 %). Loci demonstrating average increase in heterozygosity from 10 % to 5 % include (in descending order) D9S1122, D13S317, D8S1179, D21S11, D5S818, D12S391, and D2S441. The remaining 19 loci demonstrate less than 5 % increase in average heterozygosity. Discussion includes the utility of this data in understanding traditional CE results, such as informing stutter models and understanding migration challenges, and considerations for population sampling strategies in light of the marked increase in rare alleles for several of the sequence-based STR loci. This NIST 1036 data set is expected to support the implementation of STR sequencing forensic casework by providing high-confidence sequence-based allele frequencies for the same sample set which are already the basis for population statistics in many U.S. forensic laboratories.
Citation
Forensic Science International: Genetics
Volume
37

Keywords

STR, sequence, forensic
Created July 19, 2018, Updated February 13, 2020