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Separation of monosaccharides hydrolyzed from glycoproteins without the need for derivatization



Mark S. Lowenthal, Eric L. Kilpatrick, Karen W. Phinney


Chromatographic separation of monosaccharides hydrolyzed from glycoconjugates or complex, aggregate biomaterials, can be achieved by classic analytical methods without a need for derivatizing the monosaccharide subunits. A simple and sensitive method is presented for characterizing underivatized monosaccharides following hydrolysis from N- and O-linked glycoproteins using high-performance liquid chromatography separation with mass spectrometry detection (LC-MS). This method is adaptable for characterizing anything from purified glycoproteins to mixtures of glycoforms, for relative or absolute quantification applications, and even for the analysis of complex biomaterials. Use of an amide stationary phase and HILIC chromatography is demonstrated to retain the highly polar, underivatized monosaccharides and resolve stereoisomers and potentially interfering contaminants. This work illustrates an original approach for qualitative characterization of N- and O-linked glycoprotein standards, mixtures, and for complex biological materials such as a total yeast extract.
Analytical Chemistry


monosaccharides, liquid chromatography, multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM), hydrolysis, glycosylation


Lowenthal, M. , Kilpatrick, E. and Phinney, K. (2015), Separation of monosaccharides hydrolyzed from glycoproteins without the need for derivatization, Analytical Chemistry, [online], (Accessed April 21, 2024)
Created May 18, 2015, Updated February 19, 2017