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Semi-Active Control of Linear and Hysteretic Structures Using Variable Viscous and Magnetorheological Dampers

Published

Author(s)

S El-Borgi, Michael A. Riley, Fahim H. Sadek, N Ayed

Abstract

Numerous studies have been conducted so far on active or hybrid (active/passive) control of hysteretic structures using a wide range of linear and nonlinear control algorithms. However, most research work on the use of semi-active control systems has been limited to linear structures. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of two types of semi-active dampers for seismic applications in hysteretic structures, namely variable viscous (VV) dampers and magnetorheological (MR) dampers. The structures used in this study are modelled with a 1-D shear type representation having a linear or hysteretic response. The algorithms used for selecting the control forces in the dampers include the Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) and the Sliding Mode Control (SMC) algorithm. A number of linear and hysteretic structures subjected to the 1940 El Centro earthquake are analyzed using the algorithms to investigate the effectiveness of the control systems. The results of the various analyses indicate that VV and MR dampers can be effective in reducing the displacement and acceleration responses of both linear and hysteretic structures.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Structural Control
Conference Dates
July 1, 2000
Conference Location
Paris, 1, FR
Conference Title
European Conference on Structural Control

Keywords

building technology, control algorithms, magnetorheological dampers, seismic design, semi-active control, structural dynamics, variable dampers

Citation

El-Borgi, S. , Riley, M. , Sadek, F. and Ayed, N. (2000), Semi-Active Control of Linear and Hysteretic Structures Using Variable Viscous and Magnetorheological Dampers, Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Structural Control, Paris, 1, FR (Accessed April 20, 2024)
Created June 30, 2000, Updated October 12, 2021