Selenium protein identification and profiling by mass spectrometry: A tool to assess progression of cardiomyopathy in a whale model
Colleen E. Bryan Sallee, Steven J. Christopher, William C. Davis, Lisa E. Kilpatrick, Gregory D. Bossart, Wayne E. McFee, Terrance X. O'Brien
Non-ischemic cardiomyopathy is a leading cause of congestive heart failure and sudden cardiac death in humans and in some cases the etiology of cardiomyopathy can include the downstream effects of an essential element deficiency. Of all mammal species, pygmy sperm whales (Kogia breviceps) present the greatest known prevalence of cardiomyopathy with more than half of examined individuals indicating the presence of cardiomyopathy from gross and histo-pathology. Several factors such as genetics, infectious agents, contaminants, biotoxins, and inappropriate dietary intake (vitamins, selenium, mercury, and pro-oxidants), may contribute to the development of idiopathic cardiomyopathy in K. breviceps. Due to the important role Se can play in antioxidant biochemistry and protein formation, Se protein presence and relative abundance were explored in cardiomyopathy related cases. Selenium proteins were separated and detected by multi-dimension liquid chromatography inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS), Se protein identification was performed by liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS), and Se protein profiles were examined in liver (n = 30) and heart tissue (n = 5) by SEC/UV/ICP-MS detection. Data collected on selenium proteins was evaluated in the context of individual animal trace element concentration, life history, and histological information. Selenium containing protein peak profiles varied in presence and intensity between animals with no pathological findings of cardiomyopathy and animals exhibiting evidence of cardiomyopathy. In particular, one class of proteins, metallothioneins, was found to be associated with Se and was in greater abundance in animals with cardiomyopathy than those with no pathological findings. Profiling Se species with SEC/ICP-MS proved to be a useful tool to identify Se protein pattern differences between heart disease stages in K. breviceps and an approach similar to this may be appl
, Christopher, S.
, Davis, W.
, Kilpatrick, L.
, Bossart, G.
, McFee, W.
and O'Brien, T.
Selenium protein identification and profiling by mass spectrometry: A tool to assess progression of cardiomyopathy in a whale model, Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2017.05.005
(Accessed October 20, 2021)