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Search Publications by: John L Molloy (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 22 of 22

Assessing Arsenic Species in Foods Using Regularized Linear Regression of the Arsenic K-edge X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure

April 19, 2022
Evan Jahrman, Lee L. Yu, William P. Krekelberg, David Sheen, Thomas C. Allison, John L. Molloy
The toxicity and bioavailability of arsenic is heavily dependent on its speciation. Therefore, robust and accurate methods are needed to determine arsenic speciation profiles for materials related to public health initiatives, such as food safety. Here, X

Metrological Tools for the Reference Materials and Reference Instruments of the NIST Material Measurement Laboratory

September 16, 2021
Carlos R. Beauchamp, Johanna Camara, Jennifer Carney, Steven J. Choquette, Kenneth D. Cole, Paul C. DeRose, David L. Duewer, Michael Epstein, Margaret Kline, Katrice Lippa, Enrico Lucon, John L. Molloy, Michael Nelson, Karen W. Phinney, Maria Polakoski, Antonio Possolo, Lane C. Sander, John E. Schiel, Katherine E. Sharpless, Michael R. Winchester, Donald Windover
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), formerly the National Bureau of Standards, was established by the U.S. Congress in 1901 and charged with establishing a measurement foundation to facilitate U.S. and international commerce. NIST

Assessing the Microscale Heterogeneity in Candidate Standard Reference Material 4600: Surrogate Post-detonation Urban Debris

August 18, 2021
Jacqueline L. Mann, John L. Molloy, Mark Tyra, Kevin Pfeuffer, Barbara Fallon, JoAnn Buscaglia
Nondestructive microbeam X-ray fluorescence (µXRF) spectrometry has been used to investigate the elemental microheterogeneity in a candidate nuclear forensics reference material (RM), NIST SRM 4600: Surrogate Post-detonation Urban Debris. Using a principal

CCQM-K143 Comparison of Copper Calibration Solutions Prepared by NMIs/DIs

December 24, 2020
John L. Molloy, Michael R. Winchester, Therese A. Butler, Olaf Rienitz, Volker Goerlitz, Anita Roethke, Volker Goerlitz, Rodrigo Caciano de Sena, Lu Yang, Kenny Nadeau, Patricia R. Arancibia, Wu Bing, Zhou Tao, James Snell, Jochen Vogl, Maren Koenig, R. K. Kotnala, S. Swarupa Tripathy, Christine Elishian, Rosi Ketrin, Toshihiro Suzuki, Tom Oduor Okumu, Yong-Hyeon Yim, Judith Velina Lara Manzano, Mirella Buzoianu, Alena Sobina, Veniamin Zyskin, Egor Sobina, Pavel Migal, Mare Linsky, Suleyman Z. Can, Betul Ari, Heidi Goenaga Infante
CCQM-K143 is a key comparison that assesses participants' ability to prepare single element calibration solutions. Preparing calibration solutions properly is the cornerstone of establishing a traceability link to the International System of Units (SI)

Measurement and Modeling of the Ability of Crack Fillers to Prevent Chloride Ingress into Mortar

August 1, 2017
Scott Z. Jones, Dale P. Bentz, Jeffrey Davis, Daniel S. Hussey, David L. Jacobson, John L. Molloy, John R. Sieber
One of the most common repair procedures applied to damaged concrete is the filling of cracks by the application (injection) of an organic polymer. This operation is performed to increase the service life of the concrete by removing a preferential pathway

Modeling and Measuring Chloride Ingress into Cracked Mortar

August 7, 2016
Scott Jones, Jeffery Davis, John L. Molloy, John R. Sieber, Dale P. Bentz
Chloride ingress into reinforced concrete structures is responsible for initiating corrosion of steel embedded into concrete. To aide in the prediction of concrete service life, a chloride ingress model that includes chloride binding to the cement matrix

Thermochemical Characterization of Biodiesel Fuels using a Novel Laser-Heating Technique

August 4, 2015
Cary Presser, Ashot Nazarian, Thomas J. Bruno, Jacolin A. Murray, John L. Molloy
A state-of-the-art, rapid laser-heating technique, referred to as the laser-driven thermal reactor, was used to characterize National Institute of Standards and Technology Standard Reference Material (SRM) diesel and biodiesel fuels. Also described are the

Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry For Quantitative Elemental Analysis Of Powdered Samples By Radiofrequency Pulsed Glow Discharge Time Of Flight Mass Spectrometry

October 15, 2013
John L. Molloy, Julian Malherbe, Fanny Claverie, Beatriz Fernandez, Aitor Alvarez-Toral, Alfredo Sanz-Medel, Rosario Pereiro
In recent years particular effort is being devoted to the development of pulsed glow discharges (PGDs) for mass spectrometry because this powering operation mode could offer important ionization analytical advantages. However, the capabilities of

Elemental analyses of soil and sediment fused with lithium borate using isotope dilution laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-IDMS)

September 2, 2013
John L. Molloy, Julian Malherbe, Fanny Claverie, Aitor Alvarez-Toral, Beatriz Fernandez, Rosario Pereiro
Quantitative analysis using Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) remains challenging primarily due to elemental fractionation effects and to the lack of appropriate standards available for the wide variety of samples of

Fast standard addition method for LA-ICPMS using a spinning platform

February 19, 2013
John L. Molloy, Stephen E. Long, Fanny Claverie, Julian Malherbe, Naomi Bier
A method has been developed for the fast and easy determination of Pb, Sr, Ba, Ni, Cu, and Zn, which are of geological and environmental interest, in solid samples by Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) using a sample

Putting a spin on LA-ICPMS analysis combined with isotope dilution

January 11, 2013
John L. Molloy, Stephen E. Long, Fanny Claverie, Julian Malherbe, Naomi Bier
The determination of Zn, Sr, Ba and Pb in solid samples has been achieved by Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-IDMS) using a spinning sampling platform. The fast rotation of a sample and an isotopically

Certification of NIST SRM 2569 Lead Paint Films for Children's Products

October 15, 2012
John L. Molloy, John R. Sieber, Karen E. Murphy, Stephen E. Long, Stefan D. Leigh
SRM 2569 Lead Paint Films for Children’s Products is a new Standard Reference Material (SRM) developed for use primarily with XRF instrumentation. It consists of three paint coatings, with nominally 0 mg/kg, 90 mg/kg, and 300 mg/kg of Pb added, on

A Guide to Using SRM 2569 to Validate Analytical Methods

May 17, 2012
John R. Sieber, John L. Molloy
A user’s guide is presented for Standard Reference Material (SRM) 2569 Lead in Paint Films for Children’s Products. This SRM consists of paint films on coupons of polyester with the paint characterized for mass fraction of Pb, mass of Pb per unit area

Development and Certification of Green Tea-Containing Standard Reference Materials

November 30, 2011
Lane C. Sander, Mary Bedner, Michael C. Tims, James H. Yen, David L. Duewer, Barbara J. Porter, Steven J. Christopher, Russell D. Day, Stephen E. Long, John L. Molloy, Karen E. Murphy, Brian E. Lang, Rachel A. Lieberman, Laura J. Wood, M. Payne, M. C. Roman, J. M. Betz, A. NguyenPho, Katherine E. Sharpless, Stephen A. Wise
A suite of three green tea-containing Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) has been issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The materials are characterized for catechins, xanthine alkaloids, theanine, and toxic elements. As many

A Statistic That Identifies Errant Standard Preparation and Instrument Non-linearity Demonstrated With Mercury Standards Prepared by Blending NIST Fossil Fuel CRMs of Similar Matrices

November 16, 2009
Bruce S. MacDonald, John L. Molloy, Stefan D. Leigh, William R. Kelly, Andrew L. Rukhin
Interval-repeatability (Ir) is a statistic that users of certified reference materials (CRMs) may employ as a quality control check to identify incorrectly prepared working standards or nonlinear instrument response over a targeted concentration interval

Classification of Microheterogeneity in Solid Samples using mXRF

August 28, 2008
John L. Molloy, John R. Sieber
Micro X-ray Fluorescence (µXRF) has been used to nondestructively investigate elemental heterogeneity by constructing two-dimensional maps of elemental concentrations in reference materials. µXRF allows probing of sample sizes in the microgram and nanogram