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Publications

Search Publications by

David Butry (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 81

Natural hazards compound COVID-19 impacts on small businesses disproportionately for historically underrepresented group operators

April 1, 2022
Author(s)
Jennifer Helgeson, Payam Aminpour Mohammadabadi, Juan Fung, Alfredo Roa Henriquez, Ariela Zycherman, David Butry, Claudia Nierenberg, Yating Zhang
In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic small businesses made headlines as hard hit by customer losses, revenue declines, and business closures. Yet, the impacts have been felt disproportionately by small businesses that suffered interruption due to pre

Response Time Impact of Smoke Alarms

September 9, 2021
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, Thomas Cleary, Paul A. Reneke, Richard Peacock, David Butry
It can be assumed that smoke alarms reduce reported fires and casualties by reducing on average the amount of time it takes to detect a fire. This paper sets out to determine by how much that detection time is reduced. It does so by comparing the effect of

The Total Costs of Seismic Retrofits: State of the Art

May 7, 2021
Author(s)
Juan Fung, David Butry, Siamak Sattar, Steven McCabe
This article presents the current state-of-practice with respect to quantifying the total cost to retrofit an existing building. In particular, we combine quantitative, qualitative, and heuristic data to provide a taxonomy for understanding the direct and

Eliciting Lessons from Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises for Resilience During and Following Complex Events: Longitudinal Data Collection (Wave 2)

May 4, 2021
Author(s)
Jennifer Helgeson, Juan Fung, Alfredo Roa Henriquez, Ariela Zycherman, Payam Aminpour Mohammadabadi, Claudia Nierenberg, David Butry, Donna Ramkissoon
In 2020, there were 22 natural disasters with losses exceeding $1 billion each in the US (NOAA NCEI, 2021). Economic effects on the areas impacted directly were significant; Swiss Re estimated insured losses to be $83 billion, making 2020 the fifth

Guide for Environmentally Sustainable Investment Analysis Based on ASTM E3200

March 15, 2021
Author(s)
Douglas Thomas, Anand M. Kandaswamy, David Butry
This guide presents techniques for evaluating manufacturing investments from the perspective of environmentally sustainable manufacturing by pairing economic methods of investment analysis with environmental aspect of manufacturing, including manufacturing

Estimating the Impact of 16 CFR Part 1633 on Bed Fire Outcomes

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, David Butry, Rick D. Davis, Richard Gann
Effective July 1, 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a standard to severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations when ignited by a flaming ignition source. This study estimates

Eliciting Lessons from Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) for Natural Disaster Resilience Planning and Recovery During the COVID-19 Pandemic: SME Complex Event Resilience

September 30, 2020
Author(s)
Jennifer F. Helgeson, Juan F. Fung, Yating Zhang, Alfredo R. Roa Henriquez, Ariela Zycherman, Claudia Nierenberg, David T. Butry, Donna H. Ramkissoon
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) make up 44% of U.S. economic activities and are the lifeline for many local economies, employing 59 million people in 2018 (SBA 2018, 2019). In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, small- and medium-sized (SMEs) are

Complex Event Resilience of Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Natural Disaster Planning During the COVID-19 Pandemic

September 29, 2020
Author(s)
Jennifer F. Helgeson, Juan F. Fung, Alfredo R. Roa Henriquez, Yating Zhang, Ariela Zycherman, Claudia Nierenberg, David T. Butry, Donna H. Ramkissoon
Researchers at NIST and NOAA launched a longitudinal effort to assess Complex Event Resilience of Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). As a first step, a national survey of SMEs was conducted to better understand: 1. Past SME experience with natural

Machine Learning Methods for Predicting Seismic Retrofit Costs

September 23, 2020
Author(s)
Juan F. Fung, Siamak Sattar, David Butry, Steven L. McCabe
Aging building clusters all around the world, especially in high seismic regions, will require a retrofit approach to improve the resilience of the built environment. One of the main challenges of retrofitting existing buildings is the associated cost

Estimating the Impact of 16 CFR Part 1633 on Bed Fire Outcomes

April 28, 2020
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, David T. Butry, Richard G. Gann, Rick D. Davis
Effective July 1, 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a Standard that would severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations that had been ignited by a flaming ignition source

A Predictive Modeling Approach to Estimating Seismic Retrofit Costs

February 20, 2020
Author(s)
Juan F. Fung, Siamak Sattar, David T. Butry, Steven L. McCabe
This paper presents a methodology for estimating seismic retrofit costs from historical data. In particular, historical retrofit cost data from FEMA 156 is used to build a predictive model to estimate retrofit costs as a function of building

The Economics of Firefighter Injuries in the United States

December 11, 2019
Author(s)
David T. Butry, David H. Webb, Stanley W. Gilbert, Jennifer Taylor
This report identifies, summarizes, and evaluates the available data and the literature describing the economic costs associated with non-fatal firefighter injuries, illnesses, health exposures, and occupational disease (‘health outcomes’) resulting from

Towards a Process to Quantify the Hazard of Fire Protection Design Alternatives

May 1, 2019
Author(s)
Paul A. Reneke, Morgan Bruns, Stanley W. Gilbert, Chandler P. MacLaren, Richard D. Peacock, Thomas G. Cleary, David T. Butry
There are a variety of fire protection technologies that have the potential to improve life safety in residences including barrier fabrics for upholstered furniture, new nano-scaled flame retardants, or better fire detector technology. However, there is no

Cost Estimates for the Seismic Retrofit of Federally Owned and Leased Buildings

June 25, 2018
Author(s)
Juan F. Fung, David T. Butry, Siamak Sattar, Steven L. McCabe
Presidential Executive Order 13717, Establishing a Federal Earthquake Risk Management Standard, encourages federal agencies to “enhance resilience…[to] future earthquakes” by evaluating and retrofitting existing federal buildings based on current existing

Estimating Structural Seismic Retrofit Costs for Federal Buildings

June 14, 2018
Author(s)
Juan F. Fung, David T. Butry, Siamak Sattar, Steven L. McCabe
In NIST TN 1973 [1], we develop a methodology for estimating seismic retrofit costs. The general approach is to build a predictive model of seismic retrofit costs that (1) captures the essential factors that drive costs, such as building construction type