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Search Publications by

Ping-Shine Shaw (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 70


April 22, 2021
Yuqin Zong, Ping-Shine Shaw, Joseph Rice, C Cameron Miller
To shorten the long calibration chain when using the conventional source-based approach and therefore to reduce spectroradiometer's calibration uncertainty, we developed a detector-based approach to calibrate spectroradiometers directly against a transfer

Invited Article: Advances in Tunable Laser-based Radiometric Calibration Applications at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA

September 26, 2018
John T. Woodward IV, Ping-Shine Shaw, Howard Yoon, Yuqin Zong, Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke
Recent developments at the National Institute of Standards and Technology's facility for Spectral Irradiance and Radiance responsivity Calibrations using Uniform Sources (SIRCUS) are presented. The facility is predicated on the use of broadly tunable

Using a Tunable Ultraviolet Laser for the Inactivation of Water Pathogens

September 22, 2013
Thomas C. Larason, Keith R. Lykke, Ping-Shine Shaw, Lin Chungsan
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation effectively inactivates common pathogens found in ground and surface waters such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and most bacterial pathogens (e.g. E. coli). Water treatment facilities are now using UV radiation for disinfection of

Tunable Laser Techniques for Improving the Precision of Optical Astronomy

September 13, 2012
Keith R. Lykke, Claire E. Cramer, John T. Woodward IV, Steven W. Brown, Ping-Shine Shaw
Improving the precision of optical astronomy requires not only new telescopes and instrumentation, but also advances in observing protocols, calibrations and data analysis. The Laser Applications Group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

SURF III: A flexible Synchrotron Radiation Source for Radiometry and Research

September 1, 2011
Uwe Arp, Charles W. Clark, Lu Deng, Nadir S. Faradzhev, Alex P. Farrell, Mitchell L. Furst, Steven E. Grantham, Edward W. Hagley, Shannon B. Hill, Thomas B. Lucatorto, Ping-Shine Shaw, Charles S. Tarrio, Robert E. Vest
The calculability of synchrotron radiation (SR) makes electron storage rings wonderful light sources for radiometry. The broadband nature of SR allows coverage of the whole spectral region from the x-ray to the far-infrared. Compact low-energy storage

Synchrotron radiation-based bilateral intercomparison of ultraviolet source calibrations

July 7, 2011
Uwe Arp, Zhigang Li, Ping-Shine Shaw, Mathias Richter, Roman Klein, Wolfgang Paustian, Reiner Thornagel
We report on a successful bilateral inter-comparison between the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In both laboratories deuterium lamps were calibrated using the calculability of

Bilateral NIST-PTB Comparison of Spectral Responsivity in the VUV

January 20, 2011
Uwe Arp, Ping-Shine Shaw, Zhigang Li, Alexander Gottwald, Mathias Richter
To compare the calibration capabilities for the spectral responsivity in the vacuum-ultraviolet spectral region between 135 nm and 250 nm, PTB and NIST agreed on a bilateral comparison. Calibrations of semiconductor photodiodes as transfer detectors were

Internal quantum efficiency modeling of silicon photodiodes

April 1, 2010
Thomas R. Gentile, Steven W. Brown, Keith R. Lykke, Ping-Shine Shaw, John T. Woodward IV
Results are presented for modeling of the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of silicon photodiodes in the 400 nm to 900 nm wavelength range. The IQE data are based on measurements of the external quantum efficiencies of three transmission trap detectors

Ultraviolet degradation study of photomultiplier tubes at SURF III

May 8, 2009
Ping-Shine Shaw, Lindsay Hum, Zhigang Li, Keith R. Lykke, Michael Bishop
Photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) are used in biological detection systems in order to detect the presence of biological warfare agents. To ensure proper operation of these biological detection systems, the performance of PMTs must be characterized in terms of

On the Fluorescence From Integrating Spheres

July 20, 2008
Ping-Shine Shaw, Zhigang Li
Our recent study of the performance of integrating spheres shows prominent UV induced fluorescence features that are associated with contamination of the diffusing wall material by hydrocarbons. Because of multiple reflections of the radiation inside the

Ultraviolet Characterization of Integrating Spheres

July 9, 2007
Ping-Shine Shaw, Zhigang Li, Uwe Arp, Keith R. Lykke
We have studied the performance of integrating spheres in the ultraviolet (UV) with wavelengths as short as 200 nm. Two techniques were used for this study; first, the spectral throughput of an integrating sphere irradiated by a deuterium lamp was analyzed

Synchrotron Radiation Based Irradiance Calibration From 200 nm to 400 nm at SURF III

January 1, 2007
Uwe Arp, Charles E. Gibson, Keith R. Lykke, Albert C. Parr, Robert D. Saunders, D J. Shin, Ping-Shine Shaw, Zhigang Li, Howard W. Yoon
A new facility for measuring source irradiance was commissioned recently at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The facility uses the calculable radiation from the Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility (SURF III) as the primary

Damage to Solid-State Photodiodes by Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation

June 1, 2005
Uwe Arp, Ping-Shine Shaw, R Gupta, Keith R. Lykke
We report experimental results on the stability of photodiodes obtained at three different wavelengths in the vacuum ultraviolet spectral region. Two of these experiments were based on radiation damage inflicted with excimer lasers at 193 nm and 157 nm and

Stability of Photodiodes Under Irradiation With 157-nm Pulsed Excimer Laser

January 1, 2005
Ping-Shine Shaw, R Gupta, Keith R. Lykke
We have measured the stability of a variety of photodiodes as they are irradiated with UV light from a pulsed excimer laser source operating at 157 nm using a radiometry beamline at the Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility (SURF III) at the National