Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications by: Jeffrey A. Manion (Fed)

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 56

Binary Diffusion Coefficients for Fluorocarbons in Nitrogen

July 20, 2021
William Sean McGivern, Jeffrey A. Manion
Binary gas-phase diffusion coefficients, of interest in physical models of atmospheric and combustion chemistry, have been measured in N2 for the homologous series of refrigerant-related (fluoro)methanes CH4, CH3F, CH2F2, and CHF3. Values have been

Kinetics of Isopropanol Decomposition and Reaction with H atoms from Shock Tube Experiments and Rate Constant Optimization using the Method of Uncertainty Minimization using Polynomial Chaos Expansions (MUM-PCE)

September 28, 2020
Laura A. Mertens, Jeffrey A. Manion
Recent interest in isopropanol (2-propanol, C3H¬7OH) combustion stems from its potential as a renewable biofuel. Here, we report shock tube investigations of isopropanol decomposition and reaction with H atoms at (918 to 1212) K and (158 to 484) kPa

Diaphragmless Single Pulse Shock Tube for High-Temperature Chemical Kinetics Studies

June 3, 2019
William Sean McGivern, Iftikhar A. Awan, Jeffrey A. Manion
Single pulse shock tubes are effective tools for measuring chemical kinetics at high temperatures, typically (900–1400) K. However, the use of a diaphragm for shock generation leads to significant shock-to- shock inconsistencies in temperature for a

R-152a/air and R-134a/oxygen constant volume spherical flame burning velocity measurements

March 25, 2019
Robert R. Burrell, Gregory T. Linteris, Donald R. Burgess Jr., Michael J. Hegetschweiler, Jeffrey A. Manion, Valeri I. Babushok
Many presently used refrigerants are non-flammable but are being phased out due to concerns about their strong global warming potential (GWP). Replacements with low GWP exist but tend to be flammable with a maximum burning velocity in air between 1 cm/s

Kinetics of H Atom Addition to Cyclopentene

March 7, 2018
Jeffrey A. Manion, Iftikhar A. Awan
To provide benchmark information needed to develop kinetic models of the combustion and pyrolysis of hydrocarbon ring structures, we have used the single pulse shock tube technique to study the kinetics of H atom addition to cyclopentene at 863 K to 1167 K

Development and Validation of a Mechanism for Flame Propagation in R-32/Air Mixtures

March 6, 2018
Donald R. Burgess Jr., Jeffrey A. Manion, Robert R. Burrell, Valeri I. Babushok, Michael Hegetschweiler, Gregory T. Linteris
A mechanism for the combustion of the refrigerant R-32 (CH2F2) in air mixtures was developed and validated through comparisons with measured flame speeds for a range of equivalence ratios (0.9 to 1.4) and pressures (1 to 3 bar) using a constant-volume

A Shock Tube Study of H Addition to Cyclopentene

February 1, 2018
Jeffrey A. Manion, Iftikhar A. Awan
The kinetics of H atom addition to cyclopentene has been studied with a single pulse shock tube at temperatures of (863 to 1167 K) and pressures of (160 to 370) kPa. Hydrogen atoms were generated with thermal precursors in dilute mixtures of cyclopentene

Theory and Experiment of Binary Diffusion Coefficient of n-Alkanes in Dilute Gases

September 27, 2016
Changran Liu, William S. McGivern, Jeffrey A. Manion, Hai Wang
Binary diffusion coefficients were measured for n-pentane, n-hexane and n-octane in helium and of n-pentane in nitrogen over the temperature range of (300 - 600) K, using reversed-flow gas chromatography. A generalized, analytical theory was proposed for

Understanding Overpressure in the FAA Aerosol Can Test by C3H2F3Br (2-BTP)

March 18, 2016
Gregory T. Linteris, Valeri I. Babushok, John L. Pagliaro, Jeffrey A. Manion, Donald R. Burgess Jr., Fumiaki Takahashi, Viswanath R. Katta, Patrick T. Baker
Thermodynamic equilibrium calculations, as well as perfectly-stirred reactor (PSR) simulations with detailed reaction kinetics, are performed for a potential halon replacement, C3H2F3Br (2-BTP, C3H2F3Br, 2-Bromo-3,3,3-trifluoropropene), to understand the

A Chemical Kinetic Mechanism for 2-Bromo-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (2-BTP) Flame Inhibition

July 22, 2015
Donald R. Burgess Jr., Valeri I. Babushok, Gregory T. Linteris, Jeffrey A. Manion
The present paper is concerned with the development of a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism to describe the flame inhibition chemistry of the fire suppressant 2-bromo-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (2-BTP). Currently 2-BTP is considered as a fire suppressant to

Data Formats for Elementary Gas Phase Kinetics: Part 3. Reaction Classification

April 20, 2015
Donald R. Burgess Jr., Jeffrey A. Manion, Carrigan J. Hayes
A method denoted InChI ER has been developed to describe and identify elementary reactions in a standard computer-readable notation by extending the IUPAC International Chemical Identifier (InChI) formalism. Five additional hierarchical InChI ER layers

Exothermic Reaction of Halogenated Hydrocarbons: WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS

March 13, 2015
Gregory T. Linteris, Jeffrey A. Manion
A workshop was held at NIST Gaithersburg on October 27 and 28, 2014 to discuss the exothermic reaction of halogenated hydrocarbons. The industries that gathered to discuss the topic were the fire suppression, fire suppression in aircraft, and Heating

Modeling of 2-bromotrifluoropropene flame inhibition

August 14, 2014
Donald R. Burgess Jr., Jeffrey A. Manion, Valeri I. Babushok, Gregory T. Linteris
We developed a new chemical mechanism for modeling flame inhibition by 2-bromotrifluoropene (2-BTP). The modeling results qualitatively predicted agent behavior in cup-burner and FAA Aerosol Can tests over a wide range of conditions. The ban on igh ozone

Thermal Decomposition of 1-Pentyl Radicals at High Pressures and Temperatures

September 27, 2012
Andrea Comandini, Iftikhar A. Awan, Jeffrey A. Manion
Complementary shock-tube studies at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) have been used to examine the decomposition reactions of the 1-pentyl radical at temperatures of 833 K to 1130 K

The Decomposition of 2-Pentyl and 3-Pentyl Radicals

July 15, 2012
Jeffrey A. Manion, Iftikhar A. Awan
The isomerization and decomposition reactions of 2-pentyl and 3-pentyl radicals have been studied in a single-pulse shock tube over a temperature range of 973 K to 1121 K and pressures of 120 kPa to 800 kPa. The results represent the first direct study of