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Displaying 1 - 25 of 53585

Inhibition by Tetrahydroquinoline Sulfonamide Derivatives of the Activity of Human 8-Oxoguanine DNA Glycosylase (OGG1) for Several Products of Oxidatively-induced DNA Base Lesions

December 17, 2021
Author(s)
Miral M. Dizdar, Melis Kant, Pawel Jaruga, Erdem Coskun, Yu-Ki Tahara, R. S. Lloyd, Eric T. Kool
DNA glycosylases involved in the first step of the base excision repair pathway of DNA repair are promising targets in cancer therapy. There is evidence that reduction of their activities may enhance cell killing in malignant tumors. Recently, two

Improving end-user trust in the quality of commercial probiotic products

September 24, 2021
Author(s)
Scott Jackson, Jean Schoeni, Buffy Stahl
In a rapidly growing global probiotic market, end-users have difficulty distinguishing between high quality and poor quality products. This threatens consumer and healthcare provider trust in probiotic products. To address this problem, we recommend that

An assessment of US microbiome research

September 23, 2021
Author(s)
Scott Jackson
Genome-enabled technologies have supported a dramatic increase in our ability to study microbial communities in environments and hosts. Taking stock of previously funded microbiome research can help to identify common themes, under-represented areas and

Calibration of Hygrometers with the Hybrid Humidity Generator

September 23, 2021
Author(s)
Christopher W. Meyer, Tobias Herman, W. Wyatt Miller
We describe here the calibration of customer hygrometers using the NIST Hybrid Humidity Generator (HHG). This generator produces humidified air with water amount fractions (water mole fractions) ranging from 1.0×10−7 to 0.57 using calibration gas flows up

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 1936 Great Lakes Sediment

September 23, 2021
Author(s)
Jacqueline Bangma, Debra Ellisor, Michael Ellisor, N. Alan Heckert, Jennifer Hoguet, Kevin Huncik, Jennifer Ness, Jessica L. Reiner
Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1936 Great Lakes Sediment is intended for 1) use in validating calibration and validation materials for sediment analysis methods and 2) value assigning in house produced control materials analyzed using those methods. A

Current Explorations of Nutrition and the Gut Microbiome: A Systematic Review

September 23, 2021
Author(s)
Scott Jackson, Leigh A. Frame, Elise Costas
Background The ability to measure and describe the microbiome has led to a surge in information about the gut microbiome and its role in health and disease. The relationship between nutrition and the gut microbiome is central, as the diet is a source of

Evaluating the Impact of Contactless Fingerprint Imagery Spatial Loss on Matcher Performance

September 23, 2021
Author(s)
Shahram Orandi, John M. Libert, Bruce Bandini, Kenneth Ko, John Grantham, Brian J. Cochran, Craig I. Watson
Observations in previous studies have shown that contactless capture devices may be prone to capturing superfluous data (e.g., fingernail or finger background), distortion and imaging artifacts especially around the periphery of the captured fingerprint

Solid-State Transformation of an Additive Manufactured Inconel 625 Alloy at 700 degC

September 23, 2021
Author(s)
Fan Zhang, Jan Ilavsky, Greta Lindwall, Mark R. Stoudt, Lyle E. Levine, Andrew J. Allen
Inconel 625, a nickel-based superalloy, has drawn much attention in the emerging field of additive manufacturing (AM) because of its excellent weldability and resistance to hot cracking. The extreme processing condition of AM often introduces enormous

The structure of medium-scale propane pool fires

September 23, 2021
Author(s)
Ryan Falkenstein-Smith, Kunhyuk Sung, Anthony Hamins
A series of time-averaged temperature, velocity, and gas species measurements are made along the centerline of propane fires established on a 37 cm diameter gas burner situated in a quiescent environment. Fires with heat release rates of 20 kW and 34 kW

Baseline Control Systems in the Intelligent Building Agents Laboratory

September 22, 2021
Author(s)
Amanda Pertzborn, Daniel Veronica
The goal of the Embedded Intelligence in Buildings program at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is to develop and deploy advances in measurement science that will improve building operations to achieve lower operating costs

Wireless Time Sensitive Networking for Industrial Collaborative Robotic Workcells

September 22, 2021
Author(s)
Susruth Sudhakaran, Karl Montgomery, Mohamed Hany, Dave Cavalcanti, Rick Candell
In this paper, we describe a collaborative robotic workcell testbed enabled by Wireless Time Sensitive Networking (WTSN) technologies and discuss deployment, performance measurement and management guidelines challenges. We detail the methodologies for

Measuring Tie Chains and Trapped Entanglements in Semicrystalline Polymers

September 21, 2021
Author(s)
Amanda G. McDermott, Paul DesLauriers, Jeff Fodor, Ronald L. Jones, Chad R. Snyder
A label-free method for quantifying stress-transmitter (or elastically effective molecule) content (p) in semicrystalline polymers, including both tie molecules and bridging entanglements, is developed and demonstrated based on swelling with deuterated

STEM-in-SEM: A Re-Emerging Material Measurement Approach

September 21, 2021
Author(s)
Robert Keller
Analytical STEM-in-SEM has undergone a striking resurgence in terms of both methodology development and applications over the past 10 to 15 years, driven in part by the significant technological potential promised by low-dimensional structures such as

Superconductivity in Co-Layered LaCoSi

September 21, 2021
Author(s)
Zhengwen He, Rongjin Huang, Kaiyao Zhou, Ye Liu, Shibin Guo, Yuzhu Song, Zhongnan Guo, Shuxian Hu, Lunhua He, Qingzhen Huang, Laifeng Li, Jingyan Zhang, Shouguo Wang, Jiangang Guo, Xianran Xing, Jun Chen
Displaying 1 - 25 of 53585