Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 741

Life History, Contaminant and Histopathologic Assessment of Beluga Whales, Delphinapterus leucas, Harvested for Subsistence in Cook Inlet, Alaska, 1989-2005

November 16, 2022
Author(s)
Kathy Burek-Huntington, Kim Shelden, Kim Goetz, Barbara Mahoney, Dan Vos, Jessica L. Reiner, Jennifer Hoguet, Greg O'Corry-Crowe
Throughout the State of Alaska, ranging from the eastern Beaufort Sea to Bristol Bay, and within the boundaries of Cook Inlet, belugas are an important subsistence resource for Native communities. Cook Inlet belugas (CIBs, Delphinapterus leucas) are

Report from the NIST Workshop: Launch of the Rapid Microbial Testing Methods Consortium

September 27, 2022
Author(s)
Nancy Lin, Scott Jackson, Stephanie Servetas, Kirsten Parratt, Joy Dunkers, Tara Eskandari, Sheng Lin-Gibson
On September 17, 2020, NIST hosted a virtual workshop to launch the Rapid Microbial Testing Methods (RMTM) Consortium. The RMTM Consortium aims to address the need for measurements and standards to increase confidence in the use of rapid testing for

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 915c Calcium Carbonate

September 20, 2022
Author(s)
Thomas W. Vetter, Jason Waters, Adam L. Pintar
Standard Reference Material (SRM) 915c Calcium Carbonate is certified as a chemical substance of known purity. It is intended for use in the calibration and standardization of procedures for calcium (Ca) determinations employed in clinical analysis and for

Report on the DHS/NIST Workshop on Standards for an Enduring Capability in Wastewater Surveillance for Public Health (SWWS Workshop)

August 16, 2022
Author(s)
Nancy Lin, Stephanie Servetas, Scott Jackson, Katrice Lippa, Kirsten Parratt, Philip Mattson, Clare Beahn, Mia Mattioli, Sally Gutierrez, Michael Focazio, Ted Smith, Paul Storella, Sarah Wright
Wastewater surveillance is a promising approach to monitor biological and chemical contaminants on a community level in support of public health and safety decisions. Wastewater surveillance has recently been shown highly effective for the early detection

Levels and profiles of perfluorinated alkyl acids in liver tissues of birds with different habitat types and trophic levels from an urbanized coastal region of South Korea

August 1, 2022
Author(s)
Sang Hee Hong, Jessica L. Reiner, Mi Jang, Stacy Schuur, Gi Myung Han, John Kucklick, Won Joon Shim
Contamination status and characteristics of perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) including perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluorinated sulfonic acids (PFSAs) was examined using liver tissue of birds - blacktailed gulls (Larus crassirostris)

Polymorphic variant Asp239Tyr of human DNA glycosylase NTHL1 is inactive for removal of a variety of oxidatively-induced DNA base lesions from genomic DNA

July 16, 2022
Author(s)
Melis Kant, Victoria Quintana, Erdem Coskun, Pawel Jaruga, R. Stephen Lloyd, Joann Sweasy, Miral M. Dizdar
Base excision repair is the major pathway for the repair of oxidatively-induced DNA damage with DNA glycosylases removing modified DNA bases in the first step. Among them, human NTHL1 is specific for excision of several pyrimidine- and purine-derived

Technical Framework for High Quality New Approach Methodologies (NAMs)

July 15, 2022
Author(s)
Elijah Petersen, John T. Elliott, John Gordon, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Emily Reinke, Matthias Roesslein, Blaza Toman
New approach methodologies (NAMs) are in vitro, in chemico, and computational approaches that can potentially be used to reduce animal testing. For NAMs that require laboratory experiments, it is critical that they provide consistent and reliable results

Computational Study of the Allosteric Effects of p5 on the CDK5-p25 Hyperactivity as Alternative Inhibitory Mechanisms in Neurodegeneration

June 30, 2022
Author(s)
Tejaswi Tammareddy, Walid Keyrouz, Ram D. Sriram, Harish C. Pant, Antonio Cardone, Jeffery B. Klauda
The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK5) forms a stable complex with its activator p25, leading to the hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins and to the formation of plaques and tangles that are considered to be one of the typical causes of Alzheimer's disease (AD

Benchmarking challenging small variants with linked and long reads

May 11, 2022
Author(s)
Justin Wagner, Nathanael David Olson, Lindsay Harris, Marc L. Salit, Fritz Sedlazeck, Chunlin Xiao, Justin Zook
Genome in a Bottle benchmarks are widely used to help validate clinical sequencing pipelines and develop variant calling and sequencing methods. Here we use accurate linked and long reads to expand benchmarks in 7 samples to include difficult-to-map

Reference Materials for MS-based Untargeted Metabolomics and Lipidomics: A Review by the Metabolomics Quality Assurance and Quality Control Consortium (mQACC)

April 9, 2022
Author(s)
Katrice Lippa, William Davis, Christina Jones, Tracey Schock, Juan Aristizabal-Henao, Richard Beger, John Bowden, Corey Broeckling, Chris Beecher, Warwick Dunn, Roberto Flores, Goncalo Gouveia, Thomas Hartung, Matthew Lewis, Ioanna Ntai, Andrew Percy, Dan Raftery, Jinchun Sun, Georgios Theodoridis, Fariba Tayyari, Federico Torta, Candice Ulmer, Baljit Ubhi
Introduction The metabolomics quality assurance and quality control consortium (mQACC) is enabling the identification, development, prioritization and promotion of suitable reference materials (RMs) to be used in quality assurance (QA) and quality control

A complete reference genome improves analysis of human genetic variation

April 1, 2022
Author(s)
Sergey Aganezov, Stephanie Yan, Daniela Soto, Melanie Kirsche, Samantha Zarate, Justin Wagner, Jennifer McDaniel, Nathanael David Olson, Rajiv McCoy, Megan Dennis, Justin Zook, Michael Schatz
Compared to its predecessors, the Telomere-to-Telomere CHM13 genome adds nearly 200 million base pairs of sequence, corrects thousands of structural errors, and unlocks the most complex regions of the human genome for clinical and functional study. We show

Disinfection of Respirators with Ultraviolet Radiation

March 25, 2022
Author(s)
Dianne L. Poster, Matthew Hardwick, C Cameron Miller, Michael A. Riley, W. W. Shanaka I. Rodrigo, Andras E. Vladar, John D. Wright, Christopher D. Zangmeister, Clarence Zarobila, Jeremy Starkweather, John Wynne, Jason Yilzarde
Data for interpreting virus inactivation on N95 face filtering respirators (FFRs) by ultraviolet (UV) radiation are important in developing UV strategies for N95 FFR disinfection and reuse for any situation, whether it be everyday practices, contingency

Models for an Ultraviolet-C Research and Development Consortium

March 25, 2022
Author(s)
Dianne L. Poster, C Cameron Miller, Yaw S. Obeng, John J. Kasianowicz, Michael T. Postek, Norman Horn, Troy Cowan, Richard Martinello
The development of an international, precompetitive, collaborative, ultraviolet (UV) research consortium is discussed as an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a new UV commercial industry and the supply chain to support this industry. History has

Curated variation benchmarks for challenging medically relevant autosomal genes

February 7, 2022
Author(s)
Justin Wagner, Nathanael David Olson, Lindsay Harris, Jennifer McDaniel, Fritz Sedlazeck, Chen-Shan Chin, Justin Zook
The repetitive nature and complexity of some medically relevant genes poses a challenge for their accurate analysis in a clinical setting. The Genome in a Bottle Consortium has provided variant benchmark sets, but these exclude nearly 400 medically

Development and Evaluation of Bluetooth Low-Energy Device for Electronic Encounter Metrics

January 20, 2022
Author(s)
Katy Keenan, Joe Aumentado, Harold Booth, Kimberly Briggman, Mikail Kraft-Molleda, Michele Martin, Rene Peralta, Angela Robinson, Krister Shalm, Michelle Stephens, Emily Townsend, Sae Woo Nam
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to the need for tracking of physical contacts and potential exposure to disease. Traditional contact tracing can be augmented by electronic tools called "electronic contact tracing" or "exposure

Inhibition by Tetrahydroquinoline Sulfonamide Derivatives of the Activity of Human 8-Oxoguanine DNA Glycosylase (OGG1) for Several Products of Oxidatively-induced DNA Base Lesions

December 17, 2021
Author(s)
Miral M. Dizdar, Melis Kant, Pawel Jaruga, Erdem Coskun, Yu-Ki Tahara, R. S. Lloyd, Eric T. Kool
DNA glycosylases involved in the first step of the base excision repair pathway of DNA repair are promising targets in cancer therapy. There is evidence that reduction of their activities may enhance cell killing in malignant tumors. Recently, two

Highly conserved s2m element of SARS-CoV-2 dimerizes via a kissing complex and interacts with host miRNA-1307-3p

December 1, 2021
Author(s)
Joshua A. Imperatore, Caylee L. Cunningham, Kendy A. Pellegrene, Robert Brinson, John Marino, Jeffery D. Evanseck, Mihaela R. Mihailescu
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic highlights the necessity for a more fundamental understanding of the coronavirus life cycle. The causative agent of the disease, SARS-CoV-2, is being studied extensively from a structural standpoint in order to gain insight

Assessment of Serum Total 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Assays for Vitamin D External Quality Assessment Scheme (DEQAS) Materials Distributed at Ambient and Frozen Conditions

November 9, 2021
Author(s)
Johanna Camara, Christopher T. Sempos, Emma L. Williams, Graham D. Carter, Julia C. Jones, Carolyn Burdette, Grace Hahm, Federica Nalin, David L. Duewer, Adam J. Kuszak, J. M. Betz, Andrew Hoofnagle, Pierre Lukas, E. Cavalier, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, P. M. Crump, Christian Popp, Christian Beckert, Glen Van Slooten, Patrick Gradon, Joelle Morgand, Sarah Paul, Bruno Emanuelli, Angelo Maggio, Fiona Ivison, Ralf Fischer, Jody M. van den Ouweland, Chung S. Ho, Emmett W. Law, Jean-Nicolas Simard, Renaud Gonthier, Brett Holmquist, Manisha S. Patwardhan, Marcelo C. Batista, Heather Pham, Sarah Meadows, Eugene Jansen, Dilshad A. Khan, Kimberly Robyak, Mark Kilbane, Neil Parker, Vincent Chen, Robert Fitzgerald, Sohail Mushtaq, Michael W. Clarke, Norma Breen, Christine Simpson, Stephen A. Wise
The Vitamin D External Quality Assessment Scheme (DEQAS) distributes human serum samples four times per year to over 1000 participants worldwide for the determination of total serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D)]. These samples are stored at −40 °C prior
Displaying 1 - 25 of 741