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Displaying 1 - 15 of 15

Glycosylation and the global virome

October 10, 2022
Cassandra Pegg, Benjamin Schulz, Ben Neely, Gregory Albery, Colin Carlson
The sugars that coat the outsides of viruses and host cells are key to successful disease transmission, but they remain understudied compared to other molecular features. Understanding the comparative zoology of glycosylation - and harnessing it for

Mass Spectral Library Methods for Analysis of Site-Specific N-Glycosylation: Application to Human Milk Proteins

September 16, 2022
Concepcion Remoroza, Meghan Burke Harris, Xiaoyu (Sara) Yang, Sergey Sheetlin, Yuri Mirokhin, Sanford Markey, Dmitrii V. Tchekhovskoi, Stephen E. Stein
We present a mass-spectral library-based method for analyzing site-specific N-linked protein glycosylation. Its operation and utility are illustrated by applying it to both newly measured and available proteomics data of human milk glycoproteins. It

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 3655 Glycans in Solution (Frozen)

April 12, 2022
Mark Lowenthal, Blaza Toman, Brian Lang, Karen W. Phinney
Standard Reference Material (SRM) 3655 is intended primarily for use as a calibration standard for the measurement of enzymatically released N-linked glycans. Applications of SRM 3655 include the benchmarking and comparability of analytical techniques, as

Current Explorations of Nutrition and the Gut Microbiome: A Systematic Review

September 23, 2021
Scott Jackson, Leigh A. Frame, Elise Costas
Background The ability to measure and describe the microbiome has led to a surge in information about the gut microbiome and its role in health and disease. The relationship between nutrition and the gut microbiome is central, as the diet is a source of

Representing and Comparing Site-Specific Glycan Abundance Distributions of Glycoproteins

July 30, 2021
Concepcion Remoroza, Meghan Burke Harris, Yi Liu, Yuri Mirokhin, Dmitrii V. Tchekhovskoi, Xiaoyu (Sara) Yang, Stephen E. Stein
A method for representing and comparing distributions of N-linked glycans located at specific sites in proteins is presented. The representation takes the form of a simple mass spectrum for a given peptide sequence, with each peak corresponding to a

Increasing the Coverage of a Mass Spectral Library of Milk Oligosaccharides Using a Hybrid- Search-Based Bootstrapping Method and Milks from a Wide Variety of Mammals

July 8, 2020
Concepcion A. Remoroza, Tytus D. Mak, Yuri A. Mirokhin, Sergey L. Sheetlin, Xiaoyu Yang, Stephen E. Stein, Power L. Michael, San Andres V. Joice, Yuxue Liang
This study significantly expands both the scope and method of identification for construction of a previously reported tandem mass spectral library of 74 human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) derived from results of LC-MS/MS experiments. In the present work

Cross-Ring Fragmentation Patterns in the Tandem Mass Spectra of Underivatized Sialylated Oligosaccharides and Their Special Suitability for Spectrum Library Searching

December 18, 2018
M. L. De Leoz, Yamil Simon, Robert J. Woods, Stephen E. Stein
Reference spectral library searching, while widely used to identify compounds in other areas of mass spectrometry, is not commonly used in glycomics. Building on a study by Cotter and coworkers on analysis of sialylated oligosaccharides using atmospheric

The integration of emerging omics approaches to advance precision medicine: How can regulatory science help?

December 6, 2018
Mark S. Lowenthal, Christina M. Jones, Joan Adamo, Robert Bienvenu, Owen Fields, Soma Ghosh, Michael Liebman, Robert Schuck, Scott Steele
Building on the recent advances in next-generation sequencing, the integration of genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and other approaches hold tremendous promise for precision medicine. The approval and adoption of these rapidly advancing technologies and

Creating a Mass Spectral Reference Library for Oligosaccharides in Milk

July 3, 2018
Concepcion A. Remoroza, Tytus D. Mak, M. L. De Leoz, Yuri A. Mirokhin, Stephen E. Stein
We report the development and availability of a mass spectral reference library for oligosaccharides in human milk. This represents a new variety of spectral library that includes consensus spectra of compounds annotated through various data analysis

Identification of novel N-glycosylation sites at non-canonical protein consensus motifs

June 14, 2016
Mark S. Lowenthal, Kiersta S. Davis, Lisa E. Kilpatrick, Catherine A. Mouchahoir, Karen W. Phinney
N-glycosylation is well known to occur at asparagine residues in the canonical consensus sequence N-X-S/T, but has also been identified at a small number of N-X-C motifs including the Asn491 residue of human serotransferrin. Here we report additional novel

QUANTITY: An Isobaric Tag for Quantitative Glycomics

November 30, 2015
Shuang Yang, Meiyao Wang, Lijun Chen, Illarion Turko, Karen W. Phinney, Shuwei Li
We describe the design and synthesis of a novel set of iso-baric tags for quantitative glycan profiling, which will have broad applications in carbohydrate based biomarker dis-covery, therapeutic protein characterization, and vaccine development.

Glycan Analysis of NIST mAb Reference Material

October 15, 2015
John E. Schiel, Catherine A. Mouchahoir
N-linked glycosylation is a common post-translational modification that imparts structural heterogeneity to recombinant monoclonal antibody therapeutics. The various oligosaccharides attached to the CH2 domains of IgG can impact the efficacy, safety and

Universal Proteolysis and MSn for N- and O- Glycan Branching Analysis

April 20, 2013
John E. Schiel, Karen W. Phinney, Nicholas J. Smith
The continually growing list of critical glycosylation-related processes has made analytical methodology for detailed glycan characterization an area of increasing interest. Glycosylation is a post translational modification of unsurpassed complexity due
Displaying 1 - 15 of 15