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Displaying 10901 - 10925 of 53300

Analysis of the Noise Spectra from Oxidized Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles

August 18, 2014
Author(s)
Solomon I. Woods, Snorri Ingvarsson, Shouheng Sun, John Kirtley
Expressions for the thermal noise from a collection of exchange-biased magnetic nanoparticles are derived and used to analyze the magnetic noise from thin films of partially oxidized nanoparticles. Functionalized Co nanoparticles with diameters between 3

Combining nanocalorimetry and dynamic transmission electron microscopy for in situ characterization of materials processes under rapid heating and cooling

August 18, 2014
Author(s)
Michael D. Grapes, Thomas LaGrange, Lawrence H. Friedman, Bryan W. Reed, Geoffrey H. Campbell, Timothy P. Weihs, David A. LaVan
Nanocalorimetry is a chip-based thermal analysis technique capable of analyzing endothermic and exothermic reactions at very high heating and cooling rates. Here we couple a nanocalorimeter with an extremely fast in situ microstructural characterization

Dielectrofluidics for Electronic-Based Chemical and Particle Analysis

August 18, 2014
Author(s)
James C. Booth, Spencer T. Egan, Charles A. Little, A Padilla, Yu Y. Wang, Nathan D. Orloff
The interactions of electromagnetic fields with matter are described by means of the polarization and magnetization of the material under study. Analogous to the way that magnetofluidics seeks to exploit magnetic interactions for sensing and manipulating

Engineering three-body interaction and Pfaffian states in circuit QED systems

August 18, 2014
Author(s)
Mohammad Hafezi, Prabin Adhikari, Jacob M. Taylor
We demonstrate a scheme to engineer the three-body interaction in circuit-QED systems by tuning a fluxonium qubit. Connecting such qubits in a square lattice and controlling the tunneling dynamics, in the form of a synthesized magnetic field, for the

Broadband Rydberg Atom Based Self-Calibrating RF E-field Probe

August 16, 2014
Author(s)
Christopher L. Holloway, Joshua A. Gordon, Steven R. Jefferts, Thomas P. Heavner
We present a significantly new approach for an electric (E) field probe. The probe is based on the interaction of RF-fields with Rydberg atoms, where alkali atoms are excited optically to Rydberg states and the applied RF-field alters the resonant state of

Effect of Ozonation on Fungal Resistance of Bamboo and Oak

August 15, 2014
Author(s)
Chi Hoang, Tinh Nguyen, Deborah S. Jacobs, Andrew K. Persily, Richard Cosi
Wood is gaining increased interest as a renewable building material. However, color changes, chemical and microbiological degradation can occur when lignocellulosic materials are exposed to environmental stressors such as ozone and elevated humidity. In

Miniature all-solid-state heterostructure nanowire Li-ion batteries as a tool for engineering and structural diagnostics of nanoscale electrochemical processes.

August 15, 2014
Author(s)
Vladimir P. Oleshko, Thomas F. Lam, Dmitry A. Ruzmetov, Paul M. Haney, Henri J. Lezec, Albert Davydov, Sergiy Krylyuk, John Cumings, Albert A. Talin
Complex interfacial phenomena and phase transformations that govern the operation of Li-ion batteries (LiBs) require detailed nanoscale 3D structural and compositional characterization that can be directly related to the capacity and electrical transport

On the Unification of Access Control and Data Services

August 15, 2014
Author(s)
David F. Ferraiolo, Serban I. Gavrila, Wayne Jansen
A primary objective of enterprise computing (via a data center, cloud, etc.) is the controlled delivery of data services (DS). Typical DSs include applications such as email, workflow, and records management, as well as system level features, such as file

Precision limitations in coherent laser ranging due to speckle phase noise

August 15, 2014
Author(s)
Esther Baumann, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
The ultimate precision of coherent laser three-dimensional mapping of a diffusely scattering surface will be determined by speckle noise. Speckle phase noise gives rise both to apparent range outliers and to excess range noise during lateral scans

M 2 (m-dobdc) (M=Mg,Mn, Fe, Co, Ni) Metal-Organic Frameworks Exhibiting Increased Charge Density and Enhanced H 2 Binding at the Open Metal Sites

August 14, 2014
Author(s)
Matthew T. Kapelewski, Stephen J. Geier, Matthew R. Hudson, David Stuck, Jarad A. Mason, Jocienne N. Nelson, Zeric Z. Hulvey, Elizabeth Gilmour, Stephen A. FitzGerald, Martin Head-Gordon, Craig M. Brown, Jeffrey R. Long
Metal-organic frameworks are a class of microporous materials that are being heavily investigated for their hydrogen storage properties due to their high internal surface areas and strong interactions with adsorbed gases. Increasing they hydrogen binding

Modeling of 2-bromotrifluoropropene flame inhibition

August 14, 2014
Author(s)
Donald R. Burgess Jr., Jeffrey A. Manion, Valeri I. Babushok, Gregory T. Linteris
We developed a new chemical mechanism for modeling flame inhibition by 2-bromotrifluoropene (2-BTP). The modeling results qualitatively predicted agent behavior in cup-burner and FAA Aerosol Can tests over a wide range of conditions. The ban on igh ozone

Reducing oscillator PM noise from AM-PM noise correlaiton

August 14, 2014
Author(s)
Archita Hati, Craig W. Nelson, David A. Howe
We present a new scheme for improving the phase modulated (PM) noise of an oscillator from correlation between amplitude modulated (AM) and PM noise. Experimental results of this correlation effect are presented. An improvement of almost 10 dB in the PM

Stochastic Regression Modeling of Chemical Spectra

August 14, 2014
Author(s)
Anthony J. Kearsley, William E. Wallace, Yutheeka Gadhyan
A stochastic regression method has been developed that decomposes chemical spectra into separate contributions from signal and from noise. The numerical results of regressing in this way on sample spectra are presented. The results suggest that this

Vibronic Coupling in Asymmetric Bichromophores: Experimental Investigation of Diphenylmethane-d5

August 14, 2014
Author(s)
Nathan Pillsbury, Nathanael M. Kidwell, Benjamin Nebgen, Lyudmila V. Slipchenko, Kevin O. Douglass, John R. Cable, David F. Plusquellic
Vibrationally and rotationally resolved electronic spectra of diphenylmethane-d5 (DPM-d5) are reported in the isolated-molecule environment of a supersonic expansion. While small, the asymmetry induced by deuteration of one of the aromatic rings is

The Half-Life of 209Po : Revisited

August 13, 2014
Author(s)
Ronald Colle, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Lizbeth Laureano-Perez
A substantial 25 % error in the then known and accepted (102  5) year half-life of 209Po was reported on in 2007. This error was detected from decay data from two separate primary standardizations of a 209Po solution standard, which were performed

Effects of Lateral Tip Control in CD-AFM Width Metrology

August 12, 2014
Author(s)
Ronald G. Dixson, Boon Ping Ng, Ndubuisi G. Orji
Critical dimension atomic force microscopes (CD-AFMs) use flared tips and two-dimensional sensing and position control of the tip-sample interaction to enable scanning of features with near-vertical or reentrant sidewalls. Sidewall sensing usually involves

EUV spectra of Rb-like to Ni-like dysprosium ions in an electron beam ion trap

August 12, 2014
Author(s)
Deirdre Kilbane, G. O'Sullivan, Yuri A. Podpaly, John D. Gillaspy, Joseph Reader, Yuri Ralchenko
Extreme ultraviolet radiation emitted from highly-charged dysprosium ions was measured at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The ions were created, trapped, and excited in an electron beam ion trap (EBIT), and the spectra were recorded

Ordered Structure and Thermal Expansion in Tungsten Bronze Pb 2 K 0.5 Li 0.5 Nb 5 O 15

August 12, 2014
Author(s)
Kun Lin, Yangchun Rong, Hui Wu, Qingzhen Huang, Li You, Yang Ren, Longlong Fan, Jun Chen, Xianran Xing
The crystal structure and thermal expansions of a new tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) ferroelectrics Pb2K0.5Li0.5Nb5O15 were systematically investigated by selected area electron diffraction (SAED), neutron powder diffraction, synchrotron XRD, and high

Toward Metamodels for Composable and Reusable Additive Manufacturing Process Models

August 12, 2014
Author(s)
Paul W. Witherell, Shaw C. Feng, Timothy Simpson
Despite the existence and interest in additive manufacturing (AM) for many decades, industry adoption of AM technologies has been relatively slow. Recent advances in modeling and simulation of AM processes and materials are providing new insights to help
Displaying 10901 - 10925 of 53300