Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Scattering-Parameter Models and Representations for Microwave Mixers

Published

Author(s)

Dylan F. Williams, Fabien Ndagijimana, Catherine A. Remley, Joel Dunsmore, Sean Hubert

Abstract

We present straight-forward models and representations for RF and image mixers, and develop simple rules for transforming electrical problems involving mixers and signals at several frequencies into equivalent single-frequency problems. We show how those models, representations, and rules can be applied to mixer characterization with vector network analyzers, and how they relate to more general scattering-parameter-based mixer and nonlinear circuit models currently in use.
Citation
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume
53
Issue
1

Keywords

frequency conversion, frequency translation, image frequency, microwave, mixer, model, scattering parameters
Created January 1, 2005, Updated November 10, 2018