Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Scanning Advanced Automobile Technology



Hamid Gharavi, K V. Prasad, P. Ioannou


The progress of some of the key electrical, electronics, communications, controls and software technologies that enable in-vehicle, vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) functions is presented, in historical, current & futuristic contexts. These technologies enable the vehicle manufacturers to address major societal demands for cleaner tailpipe emissions, improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and reduced traffic congestion, while allowing the manufacturers to rapidly respond to consumer demand for vehicles that are quieter, handle better, ride smoothly, and offer portable digital device & roadside wireless connectivity.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7421
Report Number


Vehicle technology, intelligent transport, vehicle-to-vehicle communications, automobile engineering, automobile safety


Gharavi, H. , Prasad, K. and Ioannou, P. (2007), Scanning Advanced Automobile Technology, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created January 31, 2007, Updated October 12, 2021