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Revised Standardized Equation for Hydrogen Gas Densities for Fuel Consumption Applications



Eric W. Lemmon, Marcia L. Huber, Jacob W. Leachman


An equation for the density of hydrogen gas has been developed that agrees with the current standard to within 0.01 % from 220 to 1000 K with pressures up to 70 MPa, to within 0.01 % from 255 to 1000 K with pressures to 120 MPa, and to within 0.1 % for 200 to 1000 K up to 200 MPa. The equation is a truncated virial-type equation based on pressure and temperature dependent terms. The density uncertainty for this equation is the same as the current standard and is estimated as 0.04 % (combined uncertainty with a coverage factor of 2) between 250 and 450 K for all pressures, and 0.1 % for lower temperatures. Comparisons are presented with experimental data and with the full equation of state.
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -


density, equation of state, fuel consumption, hydrogen, pressure, temperature


Lemmon, E. , Huber, M. and Leachman, J. (2008), Revised Standardized Equation for Hydrogen Gas Densities for Fuel Consumption Applications, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created November 1, 2008, Updated June 2, 2021