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A review of NIST primary activity standards for 18F: 1982 to 2013



Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Bert M. Coursey, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Brian E. Zimmerman


The new NIST activity standardization for 18F differs from results obtained between 1998 and 2008 by 4 %. The new results are considered to be very reliable; they are based on a battery of robust primary measurement techniques and bring the NIST standard into accord with other national metrology institutes. This paper reviews all ten 18F activity standardizations performed at NIST from 1982 to 2013, with a focus on experimental variables that might account for discrepancies. We have identified many possible sources of measurement bias and eliminated most of them, but we have not adequately accounted for the 1998-2008 results.
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -


F-18, primary standard, liquid scintillation counting, anticoincidence, ionization chamber, discrepancy


Bergeron, D. , Cessna, J. , Coursey, B. , Fitzgerald, R. and Zimmerman, B. (2014), A review of NIST primary activity standards for 18F: 1982 to 2013, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created August 27, 2014, Updated November 10, 2018