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A Resilient Architecture for the Realization and Distribution of Coordinated Universal Time to Critical Infrastructure Systems in the United States: Methodologies and Recommendations from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Published

Author(s)

Jeffrey Sherman, Ladan Arissian, Roger Brown, Matthew J. Deutch, Elizabeth Donley, Vladislav Gerginov, Judah Levine, Glenn Nelson, Andrew Novick, Bijunath Patla, Tom Parker, Benjamin Stuhl, Jian Yao, William Yates, Michael A. Lombardi, Victor Zhang, Douglas Sutton

Abstract

The Time and Frequency Division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), an agency of the United States Department of Commerce (DOC), was tasked with fulfilling Section 4, Part (i) of the Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) Executive Order that was signed by the President on February 12, 2020. The Executive Order states that "Within 180 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Commerce shall make available a GNSS-independent source of Coordinated Universal Time, to support the needs of critical infrastructure owners and operators, for the public and private sectors to access." Although the Executive Order does not specifically provide an accuracy requirement, this report assumes an accuracy requirement of ±1 μs with respect to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). This specification is assumed because numerous critical infrastructure timing systems in the United States are now heavily dependent on signals received from the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites that routinely provide sub-microsecond accuracy, and other UTC sources that deliver time at comparable accuracy levels are needed to alleviate or reduce these dependencies. This report was written to describe, propose, and recommend technical methods that NIST has already implemented, or can potentially implement, to fulfill Section 4, Part (i) of the PNT Executive Order.
Citation
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 2187
Report Number
2187

Keywords

Coordinated Universal Time, critical infrastructure systems, synchronization, time, time scales, time transfer

Citation

Sherman, J. , Arissian, L. , Brown, R. , Deutch, M. , Donley, E. , Gerginov, V. , Levine, J. , Nelson, G. , Novick, A. , Patla, B. , Parker, T. , Stuhl, B. , Yao, J. , Yates, W. , Lombardi, M. , Zhang, V. and Sutton, D. (2021), A Resilient Architecture for the Realization and Distribution of Coordinated Universal Time to Critical Infrastructure Systems in the United States: Methodologies and Recommendations from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.TN.2187, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=933488 (Accessed December 9, 2021)
Created November 3, 2021