Report on the Development of the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

Published: June 01, 2001


James R. Nechvatal, Elaine B. Barker, Lawrence E. Bassham, William E. Burr, Morris J. Dworkin, James Foti, E Roback


In 1997, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) initiated a process to select a symmetric-key encryption algorithm to be used to protect sensitive (unclassified) Federal information in furtherance of NIST's statutory responsibilities. In 1998, NIST announced the acceptance of fifteen candidate algorithms and requested the assistance of the cryptographic research community in analyzing the candidates. This analysis included an initial examination of the security and efficiency characteristics for each algorithm. NIST reviewed the results of this preliminary research and selected MARS, RC6 , Rijndael, Serpent and Twofish as finalists. Having reviewed further public analysis of the finalists, NIST has made a selection, which will be proposed for inclusion in the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). The research results and rationale for this selection are documented in this report.
Citation: Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -
Volume: 106 No. 3
Pub Type: NIST Pubs

Download Paper


Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), cryptanalysis, cryptographic algorithms, cryptography, encryption, Rijndael
Created June 01, 2001, Updated February 17, 2017