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Repeatability Study of Commercial Harmonic Phase Standards Measured by a Nonlinear Vector Network Analyzer



Jeffrey Jargon, Donald C. DeGroot, Vecchia Dominic


In this paper, we present the first published repeatability study of commercial harmonic phase standards (HPS) measured by a nonlinear vector network analyzer. Specifically, we measure two harmonic phase standards, one of which is specified to 20 GHz and the other to 50 GHz. By performing 5 calibration and making 100 measurements from 600 MHz to 19.8 GHz at each calibration, we determine the repeatability bounds for the complex wave-variable vectors and associated phases and magnitudes of each harmonic component. We also compare the mean phase values to those supplied by the manufacturer. While we achieve standard uncertainities of no greater than 0.73o, we find significant variations in the mean values with changing HPS conditions and show evidence of a substantial thermal contribution.
Proceedings Title
ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference
Conference Dates
December 2-5, 2003
Conference Location
Boulder, CO, USA
Conference Title


Harmonic, measure, network analyzer, nonlinear, phase, repeatability, standard


Jargon, J. , DeGroot, D. and Dominic, V. (2003), Repeatability Study of Commercial Harmonic Phase Standards Measured by a Nonlinear Vector Network Analyzer, ARFTG Microwave Measurement Conference, Boulder, CO, USA (Accessed July 13, 2024)


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Created December 4, 2003, Updated October 12, 2021