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Recent Advances in Forensic Biology and Forensic DNA Typing: INTERPOL Review 2019-2022



John Butler


This review paper covers the forensic-relevant literature in biological sciences from 2019 to 2022 as a part of the 20th Interpol International Forensic Science Managers Symposium. Topics reviewed include rapid DNA testing, using law enforcement DNA databases plus investigative genetic genealogy along with privacy and ethical issues, forensic biology and body fluid identification, DNA extraction and typing methods, mixture interpretation involving probabilistic genotyping software (PGS), DNA transfer and activity level evaluations, next-generation sequencing (NGS), DNA phenotyping, lineage markers (Y-chromosome, mitochondrial DNA, X-chromosome), new markers and approaches (microhaplotypes, proteomics, and microbial DNA), kinship analysis and human identification with disaster victim identification (DVI), and non-human DNA testing including wildlife forensics. Available books and review articles are summarized as well as 70 guidance documents published in the past three years by various groups within the United States and around the world to assist quality control.
Forensic Science International: Synergy


forensic science, forensic DNA, DNA


Butler, J. (2022), Recent Advances in Forensic Biology and Forensic DNA Typing: INTERPOL Review 2019-2022, Forensic Science International: Synergy, [online], (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created December 27, 2022, Updated March 25, 2024