Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Rapid Synthesis and Correlative Measurements of Electrocatalytic Nickel/Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

Published

Author(s)

Kavita M. Jeerage, Stephanie L. Candelaria, Samuel M. Stavis

Abstract

Electrocatalytic nanoparticles, such as nickel/iron oxides for oxygen evolution (OER) in alkaline electrolytes, require rapid synthesis and measurement for practical use. To address this issue, we investigated a novel process of adding Ni(II) species to Fe nanoparticles immediately after synthesis, which we expected to yield Ni-rich shells around Fe-rich cores. Cyclic voltammetry showed that the overpotential decreased as the molar ratio of Ni to Fe in the synthesis vessel increased from 0.2 mol Ni : 1 mol Fe to 1.5 mol Ni : 1 mol Fe, consistent with an increase of Ni composition. Unexpectedly, the overpotential increased abruptly at 2.0 mol Ni : 1 mol Fe. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that this synthesis ratio resulted in less Ni at the nanoparticle surfaces than lower synthesis ratios. These results demonstrate the sensitivity of rapid electrochemical measurements to surface composition, and the limits of Ni(II) adsorption and reduction to rapidly form Ni-rich shells around Fe-rich cores. Cyclic voltammetry also showed that the onset of methanol oxidation (MOR) correlates with the oxidation of Ni(OH)2 to NiOOH. Therefore, tuning materials to improve performance as OER catalysts also improves their performance as MOR catalysts.
Citation
Scientific Reports
Volume
8

Keywords

core-shell nanoparticles, cyclic voltammetry, methanol oxidation, oxygen evolution, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Citation

Jeerage, K. , Candelaria, S. and Stavis, S. (2018), Rapid Synthesis and Correlative Measurements of Electrocatalytic Nickel/Iron Oxide Nanoparticles, Scientific Reports, [online], https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22609-x (Accessed July 1, 2022)
Created March 15, 2018, Updated November 10, 2018