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Ransomware Risk Management: A Cybersecurity Framework Profile



Bill Fisher, Murugiah Souppaya, William Barker, Karen Scarfone


Ransomware is a type of malicious attack where attackers encrypt an organization's data and demand payment to restore access. In some instances, attackers may also steal an organization's information and demand an additional payment in return for not disclosing the information to authorities, competitors, or the public. This Ransomware Profile identifies the Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.1 security objectives that support preventing, responding to, and recovering from ransomware events. The profile can be used as a guide to managing the risk of ransomware events. That includes helping to gauge an organization's level of readiness to counter ransomware threats and to deal with the potential consequences of events.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 8374
Report Number


Cybersecurity Framework, detect, identify, protect, ransomware, recover, respond, risk, security.


Fisher, B. , Souppaya, M. , Barker, W. and Scarfone, K. (2022), Ransomware Risk Management: A Cybersecurity Framework Profile, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed May 19, 2024)


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Created February 23, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022