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The Protein Data Bank: Unifying the Archive



J Westbrook, Z. Feng, Sanjay Jain, Talapady N. Bhat, N Thanki, Veerasamy Ravichandran, G L. Gilliland, W Bluhm, H Weissig, D S. Greer, P E. Bourne, H M. Berman


The Protein Data Bank (PDB; is the single worldwide archive of structural data of biological macromolecules. This paper describes the progress that has been made in validating all data in the PDB archive and in releasing a uniform archive for the community. We have now produced a collection of mmCIF data files for the PDB archive ( A utility application that converts the mmCIF data files to the PDB format (called CIFTr) has also been released to provide support for existing software.
Nucleic Acids Research


macromolecules, protein


Westbrook, J. , Feng, Z. , Jain, S. , Bhat, T. , Thanki, N. , Ravichandran, V. , Gilliland, G. , Bluhm, W. , Weissig, H. , Greer, D. , Bourne, P. and Berman, H. (2002), The Protein Data Bank: Unifying the Archive, Nucleic Acids Research (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created December 31, 2001, Updated October 12, 2021