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PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES IN MODELING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE: AN UPDATE ON THE CENTER FOR RISK-BASED COMMUNITY RESILIENCE PLANNING

Published

Author(s)

John W. van de Lindt, Bruce Ellingwood, Therese P. McAllister, Paolo Gardoni, Daniel Cox

Abstract

The resilience of urban communities has garnered significant attention in industry, government, and academic research over the last decade. Recent events such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the 2011 Christchurch, New Zealand earthquake, the 2011 Great Tohoku, Japan earthquake and tsunami, Superstorm Sandy (2012), and other events worldwide have highlighted the need to better understand and model community resilience, including interdependencies among physical infrastructure components and systems that may exacerbate their lack of functionality following a damaging hazard event and delay community recovery and the dependence of supporting social and economic institutions on that physical infrastructure. In 2015, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) funded the multi-university five-year Center of Excellence for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning (CoE), headquartered at Colorado State University. The Center's purpose is to develop the measurement science needed to understand what makes communities resilient and to develop a computational environment with fully integrated supporting databases that will enable resilience enhancement/planning and recovery strategies to be optimized. The approaches within the CoE couple engineering, sociology, and economics. This paper provides a brief overview of the CoE, including a summary of its accomplishments during its first three years and a discussion of several of the testbed communities that are being used to develop and test the measurement science underlying community resilience assessment.
Proceedings Title
6th International Symposium on Reliability Engineering and Risk Management (6ISRERM)
Conference Dates
May 31-June 1, 2018
Conference Location
Singapore, SG

Keywords

Community resilience, risk-informed decision, risk mitigation, community modeling

Citation

van de Lindt, J. , Ellingwood, B. , McAllister, T. , Gardoni, P. and Cox, D. (2018), PROGRESS AND CHALLENGES IN MODELING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE: AN UPDATE ON THE CENTER FOR RISK-BASED COMMUNITY RESILIENCE PLANNING, 6th International Symposium on Reliability Engineering and Risk Management (6ISRERM), Singapore, SG (Accessed June 16, 2024)

Issues

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Created June 1, 2018, Updated October 12, 2021