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A Preliminary Study of RF Propagation for High Data Rate Brain Telemetry



Mariella Särestöniemi, Carlos Pomalaza-Raez, Kamran Sayrafian, Teemu Myllylä, Jari Iinatti


This paper presents the preliminary results of a study on the radio frequency (RF) propagation inside the human skull at several Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) and ultrawideband UWB frequencies. These frequency bands are considered as possible candidates for high data rate wireless brain telemetry. The study is conducted using a high-resolution 3D computational model of the human head. Power flow analysis is conducted to visualize propagation inside the brain for two different on-body antenna locations. Furthermore, channel attenuation between an on-body directional mini-horn antenna and an implant antenna at different depths inside the brain is evaluated. It is observed that radio frequency propagation at 914 MHz sufficiently covers the whole volume of the brain. The coverage reduces at higher frequencies, specially above 3.1 GHz. The objective of this comparative analysis is to provide some insight on the applicability of these frequencies for high data rate brain telemetry and various monitoring, and diagnosis applications.
Conference Dates
October 25-26, 2021
Conference Location
Glasgow, GB
Conference Title
EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks BODYNETS 2021


Brain Computer Interface, Brain Monitoring, Frequency Channel Response, Implant Communications, In-body Propagation


Särestöniemi, M. , Pomalaza-Raez, C. , Sayrafian, K. , Myllylä, T. and Iinatti, J. (2022), A Preliminary Study of RF Propagation for High Data Rate Brain Telemetry, EAI International Conference on Body Area Networks BODYNETS 2021, Glasgow, GB, [online],, (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created February 11, 2022, Updated March 28, 2024