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Preliminary Concept Trial of the Semi-Automated Paint Containment System



Richard J. Norcross


The Carderock Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC-CD) is developing the Automated Paint Application, Containment, and Treatment System (APACTS) to apply anti-corrosive and anti-fouling paints in an environmentally sound manner. NSWCCD commissioned the Intelligent Systems Division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to construct a concept prototype of a Semi-Automated Paint Containment System (SAPACS). SAPACS utilizes a portion of the APACTS technologies to provide an intermediary system that can reduce shipyard hazardous material emissions with less capital investment. NIST assembled SAPACS from an existing Coordinated Aerial Work Platform (CAWP) and an existing lift capable environmental tank (E-Tank). NIST modified the E-Tank to detect the ship?s hull, to generate pitch motion, and to command the CAWP in accordance with conventional hierarchical control. SAPACS is able to move along the ship hull with operator supervision but without operator direction. This leaves the operator free to perform the painting tasks while the SAPACS moves. Atlantic Marine Dry Dock Company tested the SAPACS prototype at their Jacksonville yard in November of 2002 and found the system to be welcomed by the shipyard painters.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7095
Report Number


APACTS, Coordinated Motion Boomlift, Miscellaneous, Paint Overspray Capture, Robotics & Intelligent Systems, Shipyard Automation


Norcross, R. (2002), Preliminary Concept Trial of the Semi-Automated Paint Containment System, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created November 30, 2002, Updated November 10, 2018