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Potential Research Areas in Residential Energy Storage for NIST’s Engineering Laboratory



Mark A. Kedzierski, William V. Payne, Harrison M. Skye


This paper recommends research that is required to develop and, thus, enable cost effective, residential electricity storage systems for renewable energy. As residential electricity generation from renewable sources becomes more prevalent, residential energy storage will become an important factor in ensuring the stability of the electrical grid; grid operators will be able to time-shift demand to smooth peaks and match supply capacity. However, local storage of excess energy from renewable sources is currently not economically attractive due to the long payback period required to recover capital costs. NIST Engineering Laboratory is well positioned to make significant contributions to the relatively neglected field of residential energy storage. Possession of the Net Zero house makes it possible to work collaboratively with other laboratories within NIST to demonstrate field performance of new ideas in energy storage technologies such as flywheels, batteries, super capacitors, and superconducting magnets. In addition, EL staff and facilities are well matched to projects in Phase Change Material (PCM) facades and PCM evaporators, pumped hydro, and cost/benefit analysis. Potential project ideas were provided for these areas of research.
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1844
Report Number


electricity, energy storage, residential


Kedzierski, M. , Payne, W. and Skye, H. (2014), Potential Research Areas in Residential Energy Storage for NIST’s Engineering Laboratory, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 20, 2024)


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Created September 25, 2014, Updated November 10, 2018