Using a plasma to generate a surface texture with feature sizes on the order of nanometers (nanotexturing) is a promising technique being considered for application in thin, high- efficiency crystalline silicon solar cells. This study investigates the evolution of the optical properties of silicon samples with various initial surface finishes (from mirror polish to various states of micron-scale roughness) during a plasma nanotexturing process. It is shown that during said process, the appearance and growth of nanocone-like structures are essentially independent of the initial surface finish, as quantified by the auto-correlation function of the surface morphology. During the first stage of the process (2 min to 15 min etching), the reflectance and light-trapping abilities of the nanotextured surfaces are strongly influenced by the initial surface roughness; however, the differences tend to diminish as the nanostructures become larger. For the longest etching times (15 min or more), the effective reflectance is less than 5% and a strong anisotropic scattering behavior is also observed for all samples, leading to very elevated levels of light-trapping.
Citation: Optics Express
Pub Type: Journals
black silicon, light-trapping, plasma nanotexturing, silicon photovoltaics