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Performance of HC and HFC Refrigerants in a Finned-Tube Evaporator and Its Effect on System Efficiency



Piotr A. Domanski, David A. Yashar, M Kim


The paper presents a comparable evaluation of isobutane (R600a), propane (R290), R134a, R22, R410A, and R32 in an optimized finned-tube evaporator, and analyzes the impact of evaporator effects on the system coefficient of performance. The study relied on a detailed evaporator model derived from NIST's EVAP-COND simulation package and used the ISHED1 scheme employing a non-Darwinian Learnable Evolution Model for circuitry optimization. In the process, 4500 circuitry designs were generated and evaluated for each refrigerant. The obtained evaporator optimization results were incorporated in a conventional analysis of the vapor compression cycle. For a theoretical cycle analysis without accounting for evaporator effects, the COP spread for the studied refrigerants was as high as 11.7 %. For cycle simulations including evaporator effects, the COP of R290 was better than that of R22 by up to 3.5 %, while the remaining refrigerants performed within approximately a 2 % COP band of the R22 baseline for the two condensing temperatures considered.
To Be Determined


air conditioning, coefficient of performance, evaporator, HFC refrigerants, natural refrigerants, optimization, vapor compression cycle


Domanski, P. , Yashar, D. and Kim, M. (2004), Performance of HC and HFC Refrigerants in a Finned-Tube Evaporator and Its Effect on System Efficiency, To Be Determined, [online], (Accessed July 14, 2024)


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Created September 1, 2004, Updated February 19, 2017