Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Performance-Based Fire Protection of Historical Structures



Richard W. Bukowski, V Nuzzolese, M Bindo


Performance-based fire protection design methods are particularly appropriate for renovation of historical and culturally significant buildings. This is because they allow the freedom to upgrade fire safety while maintaining sensitivity to the significant historical or cultural features of the building. New Codes have been introduced in the U.S. that provide guidance in this area NFPA 914 and NFPA 909. The paper discusses the process and key considerations in fire protection design and operation of a historical structure. Then an example of a recently completed renovation of a 19th century Theater in Bari, Italy, is presented.
FORUM Symposium


building codes, fire hazard analysis, fire models, fire resistance, historical preservation, performance codes, truss


Bukowski, R. , Nuzzolese, V. and Bindo, M. (2003), Performance-Based Fire Protection of Historical Structures, FORUM Symposium (Accessed June 17, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created April 6, 2003, Updated February 19, 2017