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Oxidatively-induced DNA damage and base excision repair in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder

Published

Author(s)

Deniz Ceylan, Gamze Tuna, Guldal Kirkali, Zeliha Tunca, Gunes Can, Hidayet E. Arat, Melis Kant, Miral M. Dizdar, Aysegul Ozerdem

Abstract

Oxidatively-induced DNA damage has previously been associated with bipolar disorder. More recently, impairments in DNA repair mechanisms have also been reported. We aimed to investigate oxidatively-induced DNA lesions and expression of DNA glycosylases involved in base excision repair in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder compared to healthy individuals. DNA base lesions including both base and nucleoside modifications were measured using gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with isotope-dilution in DNA samples isolated from leukocytes of euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (n = 32) and healthy individuals (n = 51). The expression of DNA repair enzymes OGG1 and NEIL1 were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The levels of malondialdehyde were measured using high performance liquid chromatography. Seven DNA base lesions in DNA of leukocytes of patients and healthy individuals were identified and quantified. Three of them had significantly elevated levels in bipolar patients when compared to healthy individuals. No elevation of lipid peroxidation marker malondialdehyde was observed. The level of OGG1 expression was significantly reduced in bipolar patients compared to healthy individuals, whereas the two groups exhibited similar levels of NEIL1 expression. Our results suggest that oxidatively-induced DNA damage occurs and base excision repair capacity may be decreased in bipolar patients when compared to healthy individuals. Measurement of oxidatively- induced DNA base lesions and the expression of DNA repair enzymes may be of great importance for large scale basic research and clinical studies of bipolar disorder.
Citation
Dna Repair
Volume
65

Keywords

bipolar disorder, oxidative DNA damage, DNA repair enzymes, GC-MS/MS, LC-MS/MS

Citation

Ceylan, D. , Tuna, G. , Kirkali, G. , Tunca, Z. , Can, G. , Arat, H. , Kant, M. , Dizdar, M. and Ozerdem, A. (2018), Oxidatively-induced DNA damage and base excision repair in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder, Dna Repair, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dnarep.2018.03.006 (Accessed April 25, 2024)
Created April 30, 2018, Updated October 12, 2021