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Outlook and Challenges for Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials



D. P. Broom, C. J. Webb, K. E. Hurst, P. A. Parilla, T. Gennett, Craig Brown, R. Zacharia, E. Tylianakis, E. Klontzas, G. E. Froudakis, Th. A. Steriotis, P. N. Trikalitis, D. L. Anton, B. Hardy, D. Tamburello, C. Corgnale, B. A. van Hassel, D. Cossement, R. Chahine, M. Hirscher


Considerable progress has been made recently in the use of Nanoporous materials for hydrogen storage. In this article, the current status of the field and future challenges are discussed, ranging from important open fundamental questions, such as the density and volume of the adsorbed phase and its relationship to overall storage capacity, to the development of new functional materials and complete storage system design. With regard to fundamentals, the use of neutron scattering to study adsorbed H2, suitable adsorption isotherm equations, and the accurate computational modeling and simulation of H2 adsorption are discussed. The new materials covered include flexible metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), core-shell materials and porous organic cage compounds. The article concludes with a discussion of the experimental investigation of real adsorptive hydrogen storage tanks, the improvement of the thermal conductivity of storage beds, and new storage system concepts and designs.
Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing


hydrogen storage, adsorption, isotherm, structure, thermodynamics


Broom, D. , Webb, C. , Hurst, K. , Parilla, P. , Gennett, T. , Brown, C. , Zacharia, R. , Tylianakis, E. , Klontzas, E. , Froudakis, G. , Steriotis, T. , Trikalitis, P. , Anton, D. , Hardy, B. , Tamburello, D. , Corgnale, C. , van Hassel, B. , Cossement, D. , Chahine, R. and Hirscher, M. (2016), Outlook and Challenges for Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials, Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing, [online], (Accessed June 23, 2024)


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Created February 29, 2016, Updated October 12, 2021