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Outlook and Challenges for Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials

Published

Author(s)

D. P. Broom, C. J. Webb, K. E. Hurst, P. A. Parilla, T. Gennett, Craig Brown, R. Zacharia, E. Tylianakis, E. Klontzas, G. E. Froudakis, Th. A. Steriotis, P. N. Trikalitis, D. L. Anton, B. Hardy, D. Tamburello, C. Corgnale, B. A. van Hassel, D. Cossement, R. Chahine, M. Hirscher

Abstract

Considerable progress has been made recently in the use of Nanoporous materials for hydrogen storage. In this article, the current status of the field and future challenges are discussed, ranging from important open fundamental questions, such as the density and volume of the adsorbed phase and its relationship to overall storage capacity, to the development of new functional materials and complete storage system design. With regard to fundamentals, the use of neutron scattering to study adsorbed H2, suitable adsorption isotherm equations, and the accurate computational modeling and simulation of H2 adsorption are discussed. The new materials covered include flexible metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), core-shell materials and porous organic cage compounds. The article concludes with a discussion of the experimental investigation of real adsorptive hydrogen storage tanks, the improvement of the thermal conductivity of storage beds, and new storage system concepts and designs.
Citation
Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing
Volume
122
Issue
3

Keywords

hydrogen storage, adsorption, isotherm, structure, thermodynamics

Citation

Broom, D. , Webb, C. , Hurst, K. , Parilla, P. , Gennett, T. , Brown, C. , Zacharia, R. , Tylianakis, E. , Klontzas, E. , Froudakis, G. , Steriotis, T. , Trikalitis, P. , Anton, D. , Hardy, B. , Tamburello, D. , Corgnale, C. , van Hassel, B. , Cossement, D. , Chahine, R. and Hirscher, M. (2016), Outlook and Challenges for Hydrogen Storage in Nanoporous Materials, Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=920315 (Accessed June 23, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created February 29, 2016, Updated October 12, 2021