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Organic Spin-Valves and Beyond: Spin injection and Transport in Organic Semiconductors and the Effect of Interfacial Engineering

Published

Author(s)

Hyuk-Jae Jang, Curt A. Richter

Abstract

Since the first observation of spin-valve effect through organic semiconductors, efforts to realize novel spintronic technologies based on organic semiconductors have been rapidly growing. However, a complete understanding of spin-polarized carrier injection and transport in organic semiconductors is still lacking and under debate. For example, there is still no clear understanding of major spin-flip mechanisms in organic semiconductors and the role of hybrid metal-organic interfaces in spin injection. Recent findings suggest that organic single crystals can provide spin transport media with much less structural disorder relative to organic thin films thus reducing momentum scattering. Additionally, modification of the band energetics, morphology, and even spin magnetic moment at the metal-organic interface by interface engineering can greatly impact the efficiency of spin-polarized carrier injection. This report presents progress on efficient spin-polarized carrier injection into organic semiconductors from ferromagnetic metals by using various interface engineering techniques, such as inserting a metallic interlayer, a molecular self-assembled monolayer (SAM), and a ballistic carrier emitter. In addition, efforts to realize long spin transport in single crystalline organic semiconductors are discussed. This report focuses on understanding and maximizing spin-polarized carrier injection and transport in organic semiconductors and provides insight for the realization of emerging organic spintronics technologies.
Citation
Advanced Materials
Volume
29

Keywords

Spintronics, nanoelectronics, spin valve, organic semiconductors, spin injection, interface engineering

Citation

Jang, H. and Richter, C. (2016), Organic Spin-Valves and Beyond: Spin injection and Transport in Organic Semiconductors and the Effect of Interfacial Engineering, Advanced Materials, [online], https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201602739 (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created November 14, 2016, Updated October 12, 2021