Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Optimization of Polymer Concrete Composites: Final Report



L Czarnecki, A Garbacz, P Lukowski, J R. Clifton


The main aim of the study was the development of a method for the design and optimization of polymer concrete composites, using a fundamental approach based on a material model of polymer concrete. The polymer concrete materials were characterized via their heterogeneity. Their important technical properties and the statistical evaluation of their heterogeneity are presented. Some aspects of the statistical design of experiments are described. It was shown that a material model of polymer concrete based on quadratic functions formed a suitable basis for its optimization. A comparative analysis of the material models of the two main groups of polymer concretes, epoxy and polyester concretes, was carried out. Graphical examples of model results are presented and the conclusions from the analyses are given. The overall desirability function was then used as the metric for the multi-criterion optimization of polymer concrete. This optimization process was applied to several particular polymer concrete composites of high interest, including polyester concrete with silica fume, highly-filled polyester concrete to reduce material costs, and epoxy concrete of low flammability and combustibility, was performed. Experimental validation of the results of the optimization process was carried out. Specific problems were solved using the computer program whose preparation was an important part of this joint project. The manual for this user-friendly program, which should be a generally useful tool for polymer concrete designers, has been published separately (see Ref. [7]).
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6361
Report Number


combustibility, epoxy resin, flammability, material design, microfiller, optimization, overall desirability, polyester resin, polymer concrete


Czarnecki, L. , Garbacz, A. , Lukowski, P. and Clifton, J. (1999), Optimization of Polymer Concrete Composites: Final Report, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 20, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created August 1, 1999, Updated February 19, 2017