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Numerical Simulation of the Caldecott Tunnel Fire, April 1982



Kevin B. McGrattan


This report documents a study undertaken to estimate the thermal environment of the Caldecott Tunnel during a gasoline spill fire in April 1982. A numerical fire model developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been used to simulate the fire. The model has been validated for this application using several data sets from large-scalefire experiments, including fire experiments conducted at a decommissioned highway tunnel in West Virginia, and fire experiments performed as part of the NIST Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7231
Report Number


fire modeling, tunnel fires


McGrattan, K. (2005), Numerical Simulation of the Caldecott Tunnel Fire, April 1982, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed July 15, 2024)


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Created December 1, 2005, Updated August 3, 2009