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Numerical modeling of heat transfer in steel-concrete composite slabs

Published

Author(s)

Jian Jiang, Joseph A. Main, Jonathan M. Weigand, Fahim Sadek

Abstract

This paper presents detailed and reduced-order numerical modeling of heat transfer in composite floor slabs with profiled steel decking. The detailed modeling approach represents the concrete slab with solid elements and the steel decking with shell elements. The reduced-order modeling approach represents the thick and thin parts of a composite slab with alternating strips of layered shell elements. The detailed modeling approach was validated against experimental results available in the literature, and the reduced-order modeling approach was verified and calibrated against the detailed model results. A parametric study using the detailed modeling approach is conducted to investigate the influence of slab geometry on the temperature distribution within composite slabs. The results show that the rib height of the decking and the width at the top of the rib are key factors governing the temperature distribution in the rib. The paper also presents comparisons with Eurocode 4 calculations of fire resistance of composite slabs. The comparison indicates that the Eurocode 4 overestimates the fire resistance compared to the numerical results by up to 12 %.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Structures in Fire
Conference Dates
June 8-10, 2016
Conference Location
Princeton, NJ
Conference Title
9th International Conference on Structures in Fire

Keywords

heat transfer, composite slab, detailed model, reduced-order model, Eurocode 4

Citation

Jiang, J. , Main, J. , Weigand, J. and Sadek, F. (2016), Numerical modeling of heat transfer in steel-concrete composite slabs, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Structures in Fire, Princeton, NJ, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=920484 (Accessed April 25, 2024)
Created June 10, 2016, Updated February 19, 2017