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Nonproportionality in the scintillation light yield of bismuth germanate

Published

Author(s)

Thomas R. Gentile, M J. Bales, H Breuer, T E. Chupp, Kevin J. Coakley, R L. Cooper, Jeffrey S. Nico, B. O'Neill

Abstract

We present measurements of nonproportionality in the scintillation light yield of bismuth germanate (BGO) for gamma-rays with energies between 6 keV and 662 keV. The scintillation light was read out by avalanche photodiodes (APDs) with both the BGO crystals and APDs operated at a temperature of ~90 K. Data were obtained using radioisotope sources to illuminate both a single BGO crystal in a small test cryostat and a 12-element detector in a neutron radiative beta-decay experiment. In addition one datum was obtained in a 4.6 T magnetic field based on the bismuth K x-ray escape peak produced by a continuum of background gamma rays in this apparatus. These measurements and comparison to prior results were motivated by an experiment to study the radiative decay mode of the free neutron. The combination of data taken under different conditions yields a reasonably consistent picture for BGO nonproportionality that should be useful for researchers employing BGO detectors at low gamma ray energies.
Citation
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research A

Keywords

BGO, bismuth germanate, neutron, nonproportionality, scintillation

Citation

Gentile, T. , Bales, M. , Breuer, H. , Chupp, T. , Coakley, K. , Cooper, R. , Nico, J. and O'Neill, B. (2014), Nonproportionality in the scintillation light yield of bismuth germanate, Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research A, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2014.11.002 (Accessed April 15, 2024)
Created November 11, 2014, Updated November 10, 2018