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Nonlinear Vibrational Spectrometry



Lee J. Richter


Second order nonlinear spectroscopies such as sum frequency generation (SFG) are intrinsically interface sensitive and enable sub monolayer sensitivity to be achieved at buried, optically accessible interfaces. Vibrationally-resonant SFG allows bond (functional group) selective in-situ spectroscopy of interfaces as diverse as solid-solid, liquid-liquid and liquid-gas. This chapter summarizes the theoretical uderpinnings of vibrationnally-resonant SFG and its practical implementation.
Surface Analytical Techniques
Publisher Info
Springer, Bergen,


nonlinear spectroscopy, sufaces, interfaces, vibrational spectroscopy, experimental technique


Richter, L. (2013), Nonlinear Vibrational Spectrometry, Surface Analytical Techniques, Springer, Bergen, , [online], (Accessed May 26, 2024)


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Created December 31, 2013, Updated November 10, 2018