NIST Nanotechnology Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Program: 20092016
Debra L. Kaiser, Vincent A. Hackley
In response to needs of a government-wide initiative in nanotechnology led by a subcommittee within the White Houses Office of Science and Technology Policy, NIST established a nanotechnology environmental, health, and safety (nano-EHS) research program in 2009 that remained active through 2016. The program was designed to address, in collaboration with other agencies, the research needs for a comprehensive U.S. measurement infrastructure for nano-EHS as identified by federal agencies participating in the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Such an infrastructure included a suite of measurement toolsmethods, protocols, standards (reference materials and documentary), instruments, models, and benchmark (validated) data. The NIST Nano-EHS Program made substantial progress in developing the required infrastructure, producing 9 reference materials, 24 web-accessible protocols, and 212 archival journal articles, 59% of which have been published in journals with impact factors greater than 3. In addition, program team members served in leadership positions and led and contributed to the development of more than 20 standards and work items in the nanotechnology committees of the major standards development organizations (e.g., ASTM International, ISO, and OECD).