Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

New Reference Standards and Artifacts for Nanoscale Physical Property Characterization



Jon R. Pratt, John A. Kramar, Gordon A. Shaw, Richard S. Gates, Paul Rice, John M. Moreland


This paper provides an overview of calibration artifacts being developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that are intended to aid the accurate determination of nanoscale physical properties across a broad range of applications. We focus on three proposed reference standards: an SI traceable spring constant artifact for calibration of atomic force microscope cantilever stiffness in the nominal range between 0.02N/m and 0.2 N/m, a piezoresistive force sensor for SI calibration of micronewton level contact forces, and a torsional oscillator for the absolute measurement of thin-film magnetic moments on the order of 1 *A m^2.
Conference Dates
May 7-11, 2006
Conference Location
Boston, MA
Conference Title
NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show 2006


Atomic force microscopy, cantilever spring constant measurement, magnetic moment measurement, standard references and practices.


Pratt, J. , Kramar, J. , Shaw, G. , Gates, R. , Rice, P. and Moreland, J. (2006), New Reference Standards and Artifacts for Nanoscale Physical Property Characterization, NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show 2006, Boston, MA (Accessed July 20, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created January 1, 2006, Updated February 19, 2017