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Network analysis approach to Likert-style surveys



Robert Dalka, Diana Sachmpazidi, Charles Henderson, Justyna Zwolak


Likert-style surveys are a widely used research instrument to assess respondents' preferences, beliefs, or experiences. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate how network analysis (NA) can be employed to model and evaluate the interconnectedness of items in Likert-style surveys. We explore the advantages of this approach by applying the methodology to the aspects of student experience scale datasets and compare the results to the principal component analysis. We successfully create a meaningful network based on survey item response similarity and use modular analysis of the network to identify larger themes built from the connections of particular aspects. The modular NA of the network of survey items identifies important themes that highlight differences in students' overall experiences. Our network analysis for Likert-style surveys methodology is widely applicable and provides a new way to investigate phenomena assessed by Likert-style surveys.
Physical Review Physics Education Research


network analysis, clustering, network modularity


Dalka, R. , Sachmpazidi, D. , Henderson, C. and Zwolak, J. (2022), Network analysis approach to Likert-style surveys, Physical Review Physics Education Research, [online],, (Accessed June 24, 2024)


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Created September 2, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022