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Modelling and Influencing Human Behaviour in Fire

Published

Author(s)

Steve Gwynne, Erica D. Kuligowski, Michael Kinsey, Lynn Hulse

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present a conceptual model of human behaviour in fire and its impact on evacuation modelling, life safety analyses, and evacuation procedures. This model is based on a theoretical framework of individual decision-making and response to emergencies. From this foundation, the conceptual model is populated with behavioural statements or mini-theories distilled from articles and authoritative reports describing emergency incidents, observations from within the field of evacuation analysis, and studies of human behaviour in fire and other emergencies. The conceptual model is used to guide the model developer, model user, and practitioner to better account for human behaviour in their respective roles. It is contended that a more credible representation of the evacuee response, that incorporates the behavioural statements described, provides both theoretical and practical advantages.
Citation
Fire and Materials
Volume
41
Issue
5

Keywords

Model, Evacuee Behaviour, Developer, User, Practitioner.

Citation

Gwynne, S. , Kuligowski, E. , Kinsey, M. and Hulse, L. (2017), Modelling and Influencing Human Behaviour in Fire, Fire and Materials, [online], https://doi.org/10.1002/fam.2391 (Accessed March 5, 2024)
Created August 21, 2017, Updated October 12, 2021