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Modeling of the Temperature Field in the Chip and in the Tool in High-speed Machining of a Carbon Steel: Effect of Pearlite to Austenite Phase Transition in AISI 1075

Published

Author(s)

Timothy J. Burns, Steven P. Mates, Richard L. Rhorer, Eric P. Whitenton, Debasis Basak, Russell H. McFadden

Abstract

A one-dimensional transient finite-difference model for the temperature distribution in orthogonal metal cutting, which was originally developed by Boothroyd, and then improved upon by Tlusty, is used to calculate the temperature field in the chip and in the tool in orthogonal cutting of AISI 1075 steel. In a series of compression tests using the NIST pulse-heated Kolsky bar, a phase transformation from pearlite to austenite was observed to take place within a few seconds near the eutectoid temperature (723 ºC) of the material. At temperatures above the transformation temperature in this material, which had been heat treated so that it had uniform pearlitic microstructure prior to testing, a large decrease in flow stress of approximately 50% was observed. It is shown how the predicted peak temperature along the chip-tool interface on the rake face decreases when this decrease in material strength is incorporated into a Johnson-Cook constitutive response model for the material.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the 13th ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, Brescia (Italy), 7-9 April 2010
(edited by Elisabetta Ceretti and Claudio Giardini)
Conference Dates
April 7-9, 2010
Conference Location
Brescia
Conference Title
13th ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming

Keywords

high-speed machining, modelling, Johnson-Cook, AISI 1075 steel

Citation

Burns, T. , Mates, S. , Rhorer, R. , Whitenton, E. , Basak, D. and McFadden, R. (2010), Modeling of the Temperature Field in the Chip and in the Tool in High-speed Machining of a Carbon Steel: Effect of Pearlite to Austenite Phase Transition in AISI 1075, Proceedings of the 13th ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, Brescia (Italy), 7-9 April 2010 (edited by Elisabetta Ceretti and Claudio Giardini), Brescia, -1, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=904798 (Accessed February 24, 2024)
Created April 7, 2010, Updated February 19, 2017