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Modeling of Sprinkler, Vent and Draft Curtain Interaction

Published

Author(s)

Kevin B. McGrattan, Anthony P. Hamins, Glenn P. Forney

Abstract

The International Fire Sprinkler, Smoke & Heat Vent, Draft Curtain Fire Test Project organized by the National Fire Protection Research Foundation (NFPRF) brought together a group of industrial sponsors to support and plan a series of large scale tests to study the interaction of sprinklers, roof vents and draft curtains of the type found in large warehouses, manufacturing facilities, and warehouse-like retail stores. In conjunction with the large scale tests, NIST developed a numerical model based on large eddy simulation techniques, the Industrial Fire Simulator (IFS), that could be used to plan, analyze and supplement the test results. A series of bench scale experiments was conducted to develop necessary input data for the model. These experiments generated data describing the burning rate and flame spread behavior of the cartoned plastic commodity, thermal response parameters and spray pattern of the sprinkler, and the effect of the water spray on the burning commodity.
Proceedings Title
Fire Safety Science. Proceedings. Sixth (6th) International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). June 5-9, 1999
Conference Dates
July 5-9, 1999
Conference Location
Poitiers,

Keywords

fire research, fire safety, fire science, sprinklers, vents, draft curtains, numerical models, sprays, heptane, extinguishment, plastics

Citation

McGrattan, K. , Hamins, A. and Forney, G. (1999), Modeling of Sprinkler, Vent and Draft Curtain Interaction, Fire Safety Science. Proceedings. Sixth (6th) International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). June 5-9, 1999, Poitiers, , [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=909853 (Accessed May 23, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created July 5, 1999, Updated February 19, 2017