Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Modeling quantum information systems:



Paul E Black, Andrew W Lane
- NIST IR 7103b
Report Number
NIST IR 7103b


Black, P. and Lane, A. (2004), Modeling quantum information systems:, , National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 9, 2023)
Created January 1, 2004, Updated May 20, 2023