Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Microfabricated Atomic Magnetometers

Published

Author(s)

P Schwindt, John E. Kitching, Leo W. Hollberg, Svenja A. Knappe, V Shah, Li-Anne Liew, John Moreland

Abstract

Using the techniques of microelectromechanical systems, we are developing chip-scale atomic sensors based on laser excitation of alkali atoms. Recently, we demonstrated a magnetometer physics package that had sensitivity of 50 pT / Hz1/2 at 10 Hz, had a volume of 12 mm3, and used 195 mW of power. To improve the sensitivity and reduce the power consumption of the magnetometer, we are evaluating other methods of interrogating the atoms for use in microfabricated devices. One of these methods uses frequency modulated nonlinear magneto-optical rotation (FM NMOR). We demonstrate that an FM NMOR magnetometer can be made to self-oscillate, offering simple construction and low power consumption.
Proceedings Title
Proc. 2005 IEEE Sensors Conf.

Keywords

coherent population trapping, magnetic resonance, magnetometers, MEMS

Citation

Schwindt, P. , Kitching, J. , Hollberg, L. , Knappe, S. , Shah, V. , Liew, L. and Moreland, J. (2005), Microfabricated Atomic Magnetometers, Proc. 2005 IEEE Sensors Conf., [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=50226 (Accessed May 23, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created October 31, 2005, Updated February 17, 2017