Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Microfabricated alkali atom vapor cells



Li-Anne Liew, Svenja A. Knappe, John Moreland, Hugh Robinson, Leo W. Hollberg, John Kitching
Applied Physics Letters


Liew, L. , Knappe, S. , Moreland, J. , Robinson, H. , Hollberg, L. and Kitching, J. (2004), Microfabricated alkali atom vapor cells, Applied Physics Letters (Accessed May 29, 2023)
Created December 31, 2003, Updated October 12, 2021