Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Microfabricated alkali atom vapor cells



Li-Anne Liew, Svenja A. Knappe, John Moreland, Hugh Robinson, Leo W. Hollberg, John Kitching
Applied Physics Letters


Liew, L. , Knappe, S. , Moreland, J. , Robinson, H. , Hollberg, L. and Kitching, J. (2004), Microfabricated alkali atom vapor cells, Applied Physics Letters (Accessed May 26, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 31, 2003, Updated October 12, 2021